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Psychometric properties of the Hong Kong Chinese (Cantonese) TEMPS-A in medical students
Leung, CM1; Mak, ADP2; Xiang, YT3; Lee, S2; Yan, CTY1; Leung, T2; Bessonov, D4; Akiskal, KK4; Akiskal, HS4

Background: The self-rated auto-questionnaire, the Temperament Scale of Memphis, Pisa, Paris and San Diego (TEMPS-A) is the latest development in the study of temperamental attributes. It has been used and validated in different cultures and countries. The current study aims at validating theChinese (Cantonese) version of the TEMPS-A and comparing the psychometric properties of the long and short forms of the translated scale. 

Methods: The Chinese (Cantonese) version of TEMPS-A was prepared with the standard translation and back-translation method, and approved by the original authors (HSA & KKA). It was administered to medical students of the two local universities, and results were analyzed. 

Results: 613 valid questionnaires were returned. The Cronbach-Alpha coefficients for the depressive, cyclothymic, hyperthymic, irritable and anxious temperament subscales were 0.63, 0.82, 0.78, 0.80, and 0.84, respectively. The strongest correlation was observed between the cyclothymic and irritable temperaments (R=0.600). Factor analysis yielded one large composite (depressive and anxious) and four homogenous factors, cyclothymic, anxious, hyperthymic and irritable. A newly reconstituted 43-item short form, based on methods suggested by the original authors yielded similar factor structure. 

Limitations: The narrow age range of subjects somewhat limits generalization of the results. However, external and concurrent validations against other validated scales have been demonstrated for theoriginal English versions as well as against the most commonly used languages of the world; furthermore, such validation has also been demonstrated for Chinese (Mandarin). 

Conclusions: The Chinese (Cantonese) version of TEMPS-A and the reconstituted 43-item short form were found to have good internal consistency and factor structures comparable to those of other languages from diverse cultures across the planet. We propose that the Cantonese TEMPS-A is a useful tool for local use. (C) 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

KeywordTemperaments Chinese-cantonese Temps-a
Indexed BySCI
WOS Research AreaNeurosciences & Neurology ; Psychiatry
WOS SubjectClinical Neurology ; Psychiatry
WOS IDWOS:000344226700005
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Cited Times [WOS]:3   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document TypeJournal article
CollectionFaculty of Health Sciences
Affiliation1.Shatin Hosp, Dept Psychiat, Hong Kong, Hong Kong, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Univ Hong Kong, Dept Psychiat, Hong Kong, Hong Kong, Peoples R China
3.Univ Macau, Fac Hlth Sci, Macao Sar, Peoples R China
4.Univ Calif San Diego, Int Mood Ctr, San Diego, CA 92103 USA
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Leung, CM,Mak, ADP,Xiang, YT,et al. Psychometric properties of the Hong Kong Chinese (Cantonese) TEMPS-A in medical students[J]. JOURNAL OF AFFECTIVE DISORDERS,2015,170:23-29.
APA Leung, CM.,Mak, ADP.,Xiang, YT.,Lee, S.,Yan, CTY.,...&Akiskal, HS.(2015).Psychometric properties of the Hong Kong Chinese (Cantonese) TEMPS-A in medical students.JOURNAL OF AFFECTIVE DISORDERS,170,23-29.
MLA Leung, CM,et al."Psychometric properties of the Hong Kong Chinese (Cantonese) TEMPS-A in medical students".JOURNAL OF AFFECTIVE DISORDERS 170(2015):23-29.
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