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Performance evaluation of interpolated average CT for PET attenuation correction in different lesion characteristics
Ho C.Y.T.1; Sun T.1; Wu T.-H.2; Mok G.S.P.1
2013
Conference Name2013 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference
Source PublicationIEEE Nuclear Science Symposium Conference Record
Conference Date27 Oct.-2 Nov. 2013
Conference PlaceSeoul, South Korea
Abstract

Previously we demonstrated the effectiveness of the interpolated average CT (IACT) for attenuation correction (AC) in PET in simulations and clinical patients. This study aims to evaluate the performance of IACT for thoracic lesions with different sizes, uptake ratios and locations. The XCAT phantom was used to simulate noisy F-FDG distribution based on the clinical count level with respiratory motion amplitude of 2 cm and 3 cm. The average activity and attenuation maps represented static PET and cine average (CACT) respectively. IACT was generated by the end-inspiration and end-expiration phases of the attenuation maps (HCT-in and HCT-ex) using deformable registration method. Spherical 10 mm and 20 mm lesions were simulated at 4 locations individually, including the lower left lung (LLL), lower right lung (LRL), middle right lung (MRL) and upper right lung (URL). Four target-to-background ratios (TBR), including 4:1 and 8:1 for respiratory motion of 2 cm, 6:1 and 12:1 for respiratory motion of 3 cm, were modeled. The noisy sinograms with attenuation modeling were generated and reconstructed with different AC maps by STIR (Software for Tomographic Image Reconstruction), using OS-EM with up to 300 updates. Normalized mean square error (NMSE), mutual information (MI) and TBR were analyzed. The NMSE and MI results showed that PET and PET were more similar to the original phantom as compared to PET. For TBRs, the differences between CACT/IACT and HCTs AC were more significant for lesions in the lower lung with PET showed higher TBR and PET showed lower TBR as compared to PET /PET for all lesion sizes, uptake ratios and respiratory motion amplitudes. The TBRs for 10 mm lesion were more difficult to be recovered in all AC schemes. Better lesion localization and more stable quantitation for different lesion characteristics make IACT a good alternate for AC as compared to conventional HCT/CACT.

DOI10.1109/NSSMIC.2013.6829262
URLView the original
Indexed BySCIE
Language英语
WOS Research AreaEngineering ; Physics ; Radiology, Nuclear Medicine & Medical Imaging
WOS SubjectEngineering, Electrical & Electronic ; Physics, Applied ; Radiology, Nuclear Medicine & Medical Imaging
WOS IDWOS:000347163501076
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Document TypeConference paper
CollectionFaculty of Health Sciences
DEPARTMENT OF ELECTRICAL AND COMPUTER ENGINEERING
Affiliation1.Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Faculty of Science and Technology, University of Macau, China
2.Department of Biomedical Imaging and Radiological Sciences, National Yang Ming University, Taiwan, Republic of China
First Author AffilicationFaculty of Science and Technology
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Ho C.Y.T.,Sun T.,Wu T.-H.,et al. Performance evaluation of interpolated average CT for PET attenuation correction in different lesion characteristics[C],2013.
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