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Thermal, mechanical, and surface properties of poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) polymer modified cementitious composites for sustainable development
Lu, Zeyu1; Hanif, Asad2; Lu, Cong3; Sun, Guoxing1; Cheng, Yu2; Li, Zongjin1
2018-04-15
Source PublicationJOURNAL OF APPLIED POLYMER SCIENCE
ISSN0021-8995
Volume135Issue:15
Abstract

This study aimed to investigate the effect of poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) polymer on the thermal, mechanical, and surface properties on cementitious composites for sustainable development. Thermal properties of the PVA-modified cement paste, including thermal insulation and energy absorption ability, were first studied and correlated with the porosity and microstructures. The experimental results indicated that the thermal conductivity of cement paste can be greatly reduced by 42.9% with 2.0 wt % addition of PVA due to the more porous structure. However, at the same time, more thermal energy can be captured and concentrated at the surface of cement paste with the increasing amount of PVA, causing an increased thermal load and a negative effect on thermal insulating efficiency of cement paste. The contradictory effect of PVA on thermal properties of cement paste should be balanced before it is used as a foaming modifier to fabricate cementitious composites with thermal insulation. In addition, the contact angle measurement revealed that PVA can be used as an effective additive to improve the hydrophobicity of cement-based materials. Only 3.0% PVA can turn the surface nature from hydrophilicity to hydrophobicity for cement paste, which benefited to the development of self-cleaning cementitious composites. Finally, the mechanical properties of the PVA-modified cement paste, especially for the tensile strength that has been rarely reported, were investigated and correlated with its thermal and surface properties. Due to the compensative effects of irregular packing, formation of PVA films and microcracks, tensile strength of cement paste can be improved by 23.5% with a small scarifying of the compressive strength by adding 2.0% of PVA. In conclusion, the PVA-modified cement-based materials with lower thermal conductivity, hydrophobic surface nature and enhanced mechanical properties have a great potential to satisfy the high requirements in developing sustainable infrastructure.

KeywordComposites Non-polymeric Materials And Composites Thermal Properties
DOI10.1002/app.46177
URLView the original
Indexed BySCIE
Language英語English
WOS Research AreaPolymer Science
WOS SubjectPolymer Science
WOS IDWOS:000419986500037
PublisherWILEY, 111 RIVER ST, HOBOKEN 07030-5774, NJ USA
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Cited Times [WOS]:17   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document TypeJournal article
CollectionUniversity of Macau
Corresponding AuthorLu, Cong
Affiliation1.Institute of Applied Physics and Materials Engineering, University of Macau, Macau, China
2.Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Hong Kong, China
3.Key Laboratory of Concrete and Prestressed Concrete Structures of Ministry of Education, Southeast University, Nanjing, China
First Author AffilicationINSTITUTE OF APPLIED PHYSICS AND MATERIALS ENGINEERING
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Lu, Zeyu,Hanif, Asad,Lu, Cong,et al. Thermal, mechanical, and surface properties of poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) polymer modified cementitious composites for sustainable development[J]. JOURNAL OF APPLIED POLYMER SCIENCE,2018,135(15).
APA Lu, Zeyu,Hanif, Asad,Lu, Cong,Sun, Guoxing,Cheng, Yu,&Li, Zongjin.(2018).Thermal, mechanical, and surface properties of poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) polymer modified cementitious composites for sustainable development.JOURNAL OF APPLIED POLYMER SCIENCE,135(15).
MLA Lu, Zeyu,et al."Thermal, mechanical, and surface properties of poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) polymer modified cementitious composites for sustainable development".JOURNAL OF APPLIED POLYMER SCIENCE 135.15(2018).
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