UM
Startup Time and Energy-Reduction Techniques for Crystal Oscillators in the IoT Era
Lei,Ka Meng1,2; Mak,Pui In1,2; Martins,Rui P.1,2,3
2021
Source PublicationIEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems II: Express Briefs
ISSN1549-7747
Volume68Issue:1Pages:30-35
AbstractThe Internet-of-Things (IoT) radios are aggressively duty-cycled to reduce the average power consumption, but the startup time and energy of the crystal oscillator can limit their on-off latency and overall energy efficiency. In this brief, we provide a mathematical treatment of the startup time of the crystal oscillator and discuss the pros and cons of the recent startup time and energy-reduction techniques categorized as negative resistance boosting and energy injection.
Keywordchirping CMOS constant-frequency injection Crystal oscillator dithering dynamic load energy injection fast startup inductive multi-stage negative resistance
DOI10.1109/TCSII.2020.3040419
URLView the original
Language英语
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Document TypeJournal article
CollectionUniversity of Macau
Affiliation1.State Key Laboratory of Analog and Mixed-Signal VLSI,Institute of Microelectronics,University of Macau,Macao,Macao
2.Department of ECE,Faculty of Science and Technology,University of Macau,Macao,Macao
3.Instituto Superior Técnico,Universidade de Lisboa,Lisbon,1649-004,Portugal
First Author AffilicationUniversity of Macau;  Faculty of Science and Technology
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Lei,Ka Meng,Mak,Pui In,Martins,Rui P.. Startup Time and Energy-Reduction Techniques for Crystal Oscillators in the IoT Era[J]. IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems II: Express Briefs,2021,68(1):30-35.
APA Lei,Ka Meng,Mak,Pui In,&Martins,Rui P..(2021).Startup Time and Energy-Reduction Techniques for Crystal Oscillators in the IoT Era.IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems II: Express Briefs,68(1),30-35.
MLA Lei,Ka Meng,et al."Startup Time and Energy-Reduction Techniques for Crystal Oscillators in the IoT Era".IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems II: Express Briefs 68.1(2021):30-35.
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