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EEG oscillation evidences of altered resting-state brain activity in children orphaned by parental HIV/AIDS
Gu,Huang1; Zhao,Qi2; Liu,Jiaxi1; Zhao,Junfeng1; Ji,Lili1; Chi,Peilian2; Li,Xiaoming3
2020-05-13
Source PublicationAIDS Care - Psychological and Socio-Medical Aspects of AIDS/HIV
ISSN0954-0121
Volume32Issue:sup2Pages:177-182
Abstract

Early life adverse events in children orphaned by parental HIV/AIDS can have long-lasting effects on brain function. However, data are limited regarding the brain activation during resting state in these children. The current study aims to investigate the brain oscillation at rest in children orphaned by HIV/AIDS using resting-state EEG data. Data were derived from a larger neurodevelopmental study in which 90 children aged 9–17 years orphaned by AIDS and 66 matched controls were recruited through the local communities and school system. Children (63 orphans and 65 controls) who had resting-state EEG data and completed the Teacher-Child Rating Scale (T-CRS) were included in the current analysis. EEG results showed that children orphaned by HIV/AIDS had increased theta activity in the midline region, decreased beta activity in left hemisphere and overall increased theta/beta power ratio. Furthermore, the theta/beta ratio is positively correlated with learning problem and acting out scores, and negatively correlated with task orientation and peer social skill activities. Findings support that children orphaned by HIV/AIDS demonstrate different brain activity compared to non-orphan controls and also suggest that the EEG activities in resting state may serve as useful indicators of children’s behavioral problems.

KeywordBrain Activity Children Orphaned By Hiv/aids China Eeg Resting-state
DOI10.1080/09540121.2020.1739211
URLView the original
Indexed BySCIE
Language英語English
WOS Research AreaHealth Care Sciences & Services ; Public, Environmental & Occupational Health ; Psychology ; Respiratory System ; Biomedical Social Sciences
WOS SubjectHealth Policy & Services ; Public, Environmental & Occupational Health ; Psychology, Multidisciplinary ; Respiratory System ; Social Sciences, Biomedical
WOS IDWOS:000519679800001
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Cited Times [WOS]:2   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document TypeJournal article
CollectionFaculty of Health Sciences
Corresponding AuthorZhao,Junfeng
Affiliation1.Department of Psychology,Institute of Behavior and Psychology,Henan University,Kaifeng,China
2.Department of Psychology,University of Macau,Macao
3.Department of Health Promotion,Education,and Behavior,University of South Carolina,Columbia,United States
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Gu,Huang,Zhao,Qi,Liu,Jiaxi,et al. EEG oscillation evidences of altered resting-state brain activity in children orphaned by parental HIV/AIDS[J]. AIDS Care - Psychological and Socio-Medical Aspects of AIDS/HIV,2020,32(sup2):177-182.
APA Gu,Huang,Zhao,Qi,Liu,Jiaxi,Zhao,Junfeng,Ji,Lili,Chi,Peilian,&Li,Xiaoming.(2020).EEG oscillation evidences of altered resting-state brain activity in children orphaned by parental HIV/AIDS.AIDS Care - Psychological and Socio-Medical Aspects of AIDS/HIV,32(sup2),177-182.
MLA Gu,Huang,et al."EEG oscillation evidences of altered resting-state brain activity in children orphaned by parental HIV/AIDS".AIDS Care - Psychological and Socio-Medical Aspects of AIDS/HIV 32.sup2(2020):177-182.
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