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Worldwide prevalence of sexual harassment towards nurses: A comprehensive meta-analysis of observational studies 全球护士性骚扰事件发生率:观察研究的荟萃分析
Lu,Li1,2; Dong,Min3; Lok,Grace K.I.1,2; Feng,Yuan4; Wang,Gang4; Ng,Chee H.5; Ungvari,Gabor S.6,7; Xiang,Yu Tao1
2020-04-01
Source PublicationJournal of Advanced Nursing
ISSN0309-2402
Volume76Issue:4Pages:980-990
AbstractAims: Sexual harassment towards nurses is a major concern universally, but no meta-analysis on the worldwide prevalence of sexual harassment towards nurses has yet been published. This study examined the worldwide prevalence of sexual harassment against nurses and explored its moderating factors. Design: Meta-analysis of observational studies. Data sources: The PubMed, PsycINFO, EMBASE, and Web of Science databases from their commencement date to February 2018 were systematically and independently searched by two investigators. Review methods: Data on the prevalence of sexual harassment experienced by nurses were extracted and pooled using the random-effects model. Results: A total of 43 studies covering 52,345 nurses were included in the analyses. Female nurses accounted for 83.87% of the 32,970 subjects in 25 studies with available data on gender ratio. The prevalence of sexual harassment towards nurses in the past 12 months and during nursing career were 12.6% (95% CI: 10.9–14.4%) and 53.4% (95% CI: 23.1–83.7%), respectively. Gender, use of the WHO questionnaires, lower middle-income and high-income countries, sample size, survey year, and mean age of subjects were significantly associated with the prevalence of sexual harassment. Conclusion: The high prevalence of sexual harassment against nurses found in this meta-analysis represents the ongoing sexism and deleterious effects (e.g., poor work quality and efficiency, increased stress and job dissatisfaction) in the profession. Appropriate preventive measures, training, and empowerment of nurses are needed to ensure workplace safety and equality in this profession. Impact: The study addressed the worldwide prevalence of sexual harassment against nurses and its moderating factors. Health authorities and hospital administrators should develop organizational policy and preventive strategies to ensure nurses’ workplace safety and equality.
Keywordfemale meta-analysis nurse sexual harassment
DOI10.1111/jan.14296
URLView the original
Language中文
Scopus ID2-s2.0-85078662919
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Cited Times [WOS]:3   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document TypeJournal article
CollectionUniversity of Macau
Affiliation1.Unit of Psychiatry,Institute of Translational Medicine,Faculty of Health Sciences,University of Macau,Macao SAR,China
2.Center for Cognition and Brain Sciences,University of Macau,Macao SAR,China
3.Guangdong Mental Health Center,Guangdong Provincial People's Hospital,Guangdong Academy of Medical Sciences,Guangzhou,China
4.National Clinical Research Centre for Mental Disorders and Beijing Key Laboratory of Mental Disorders,Beijing Anding Hospital,Advanced Innovation Centre for Human Brain Protection,Capital Medical University,Beijing,China
5.Department of Psychiatry,The Melbourne Clinic and St Vincent's Hospital,University of Melbourne,Richmond,Australia
6.Division of Psychiatry,School of Medicine,University of Western Australia,Perth,Australia
7.University of Notre Dame Australia,Fremantle,Australia
First Author AffilicationFaculty of Health Sciences;  University of Macau
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Lu,Li,Dong,Min,Lok,Grace K.I.,等. Worldwide prevalence of sexual harassment towards nurses: A comprehensive meta-analysis of observational studies 全球护士性骚扰事件发生率:观察研究的荟萃分析[J]. Journal of Advanced Nursing,2020,76(4):980-990.
APA Lu,Li,Dong,Min,Lok,Grace K.I.,Feng,Yuan,Wang,Gang,Ng,Chee H.,Ungvari,Gabor S.,&Xiang,Yu Tao.(2020).Worldwide prevalence of sexual harassment towards nurses: A comprehensive meta-analysis of observational studies 全球护士性骚扰事件发生率:观察研究的荟萃分析.Journal of Advanced Nursing,76(4),980-990.
MLA Lu,Li,et al."Worldwide prevalence of sexual harassment towards nurses: A comprehensive meta-analysis of observational studies 全球护士性骚扰事件发生率:观察研究的荟萃分析".Journal of Advanced Nursing 76.4(2020):980-990.
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