UM
Prevalence of depression and its relationship with quality of life among university students in Macau, Hong Kong and mainland China
Li,Lu1; Lok,Grace K.I.2; Mei,Song Li3; Cui,Xi Ling4; An,Feng Rong5; Li,Lin6; Cheung,Teris7; Ungvari,Gabor S.8,9; Xiang,Yu Tao10,11
2020-12-01
Source PublicationScientific Reports
Volume10Issue:1
AbstractThere is compelling evidence that depressive symptoms (depression hereafter) are common in university students and are considerably influenced by the given socioeconomic context. Being former European colonies, Macau and Hong Kong are China’s special administrative regions, with different sociocultural and economic background compared to mainland China. This study compared the prevalence of depression in university students between Macau, Hong Kong and mainland China and examined the association between depression and quality of life (QOL). The Beck Depression Inventory-II and the World Health Organization Quality of Life—Brief Version (WHOQOL-BREF) were used to measure depression and QOL, respectively.Altogether, 2,312 university students participated in this study. The overall prevalence of depression was 28.9%; 35.2% in Macau, 41.0% in Hong Kong, and 16.8% in mainland China. Compared to the “No depression” group, students with depression had significantly lower QOL scores in the physical, psychological, social and environmental domains. Factors associated with depression were different between the three study sites. Sleep disturbances and high academic pressure were positively associated with depression in all the three samples. In mainland China, male students (OR = 1.68; 95% CI: 1.10–2.56) were more likely to have depression while those who were interested in their major (OR = 0.45; 95% CI: 0.29–0.69) were less likely to have depression. In Macau, students in Grade 3 (OR = 0.56; 95% CI: 0.36–0.89) and those who were interested in their major (OR = 0.58; 95% CI: 0.42–0.81) or had optimistic perspective about their future (OR = 0.51; 95% CI: 0.36–0.73) were less likely to have depression. Nursing students (OR = 1.86; 95% CI: 1.21–2.87) and students with the average score on major subject less than 65 (OR = 3.13; 95% CI: 1.70–5.78) were more likely to have depression. In Hong Kong, students with optimistic perspective about their future (OR = 0.44; 95% CI: 0.22–0.91) were less prone to have depression. Depression is common among Chinese university students, particularly in Macau and Hong Kong. Considering the negative impact of depression on QOL, regular screening and effective treatments should be offered to this population.
DOI10.1038/s41598-020-72458-w
URLView the original
Language英语
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Document TypeJournal article
CollectionUniversity of Macau
Corresponding AuthorLi,Lu
Affiliation1.Department of Pharmacy,The Affiliated Brain Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University,Guangzhou,China
2.Kiang Wu Nursing College of Macau,Taipa,Macao
3.School of Public Health,Jilin University,Changchun,China
4.Department of Business Administration,Hong Kong Shue Yan University,North Point,Hong Kong
5.The National Clinical Research Center for Mental Disorders and Beijing Key Laboratory of Mental Disorders,Beijing Anding Hospital and the Advanced Innovation Center for Human Brain Protection,Capital Medical University,Beijing,China
6.Department of Pharmacy,The First Affiliated Hospital,College of Medicine,Zhejiang University,Hangzhou,China
7.School of Nursing,Hong Kong Polytechnic University,Kowloon,Hong Kong
8.Division of Psychiatry,School of Medicine,University of Western Australia/Graylands Hospital,Perth,Australia
9.University of Notre Dame Australia,Fremantle,Australia
10.Unit of Psychiatry,Institute of Translational Medicine,3/F,Building E12,Faculty of Health Sciences,University of Macau,Taipa,Avenida da Universidade,Macao
11.Center for Cognition and Brain Sciences,University of Macau,Taipa,Macao
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Li,Lu,Lok,Grace K.I.,Mei,Song Li,et al. Prevalence of depression and its relationship with quality of life among university students in Macau, Hong Kong and mainland China[J]. Scientific Reports,2020,10(1).
APA Li,Lu.,Lok,Grace K.I..,Mei,Song Li.,Cui,Xi Ling.,An,Feng Rong.,...&Xiang,Yu Tao.(2020).Prevalence of depression and its relationship with quality of life among university students in Macau, Hong Kong and mainland China.Scientific Reports,10(1).
MLA Li,Lu,et al."Prevalence of depression and its relationship with quality of life among university students in Macau, Hong Kong and mainland China".Scientific Reports 10.1(2020).
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