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Time-resolved luminescent high-throughput screening platform for lysosomotropic compounds in living cells
Wu,Ke Jia1; Wu,Chun1; Chen,Feng1; Cheng,Sha Sha1; Ma,Dik Lung1; Leung,Chung Hang2
Source PublicationACS Sensors

Lysosomes are membrane-bound organelles that regulate protein degradation and cellular organelle recycling. Homeostatic alteration by lysosomotropic compounds has been suggested as a potential approach for the treatment of cancer. However, because of the high false-negative rate resulting from strong fluorescent background noise, few luminescent high-throughput screening methods for lysosomotropic compounds have been developed for cancer therapy. Imidazole is a five-membered heterocycle that can act within the acidic interior of lysosomes. To develop an efficient lysosomotropic compound screening system, we introduced an imidazole group to iridium-based complexes and designed a long-lifetime lysosomal probe to monitor lysosomal activity in living cells. By integrating time-resolved emission spectroscopy (TRES) with the novel iridium-based lysosomal probe, a high-throughput screening platform capable of overcoming background fluorescent interference in living cells was developed for discovering lysosomotropic drugs. As a proof-of-concept, 400 FDA/EMA-approved drugs were screened using the TRES system, revealing five compounds as potential lysosomotropic agents. Significantly, the most promising potent lysosomotropic compound (mitoxantrone) identified in this work would have showed less activity if screened using a commercial lysosomal probe because of interference from the intrinsic fluorescence of mitoxantrone. We anticipate that this TRES-based high-throughput screening system could facilitate the development of more lysosomotropic drugs by avoiding false results arising from the intrinsic fluorescence of both bioactive compounds and/or the cell background.

KeywordHigh-throughput Screening Iridium-based Ph Probe Lysosomotropic Compounds Mitoxantrone Time-resolved Emission Spectroscopy
URLView the original
Indexed BySCIE
WOS Research AreaChemistry ; Science & Technology - Other Topics
WOS SubjectChemistry, Multidisciplinary ; Chemistry, Analytical ; Nanoscience & Nanotechnology
WOS IDWOS:000613247400019
Scopus ID2-s2.0-85099162629
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Cited Times [WOS]:3   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document TypeJournal article
CollectionUniversity of Macau
Corresponding AuthorLeung,Chung Hang
Affiliation1.State Key Laboratory of Quality Research in Chinese Medicine,Institute of Chinese Medical Sciences,University of Macau,Taipa,999078,Macao
2.Department of Chemistry,Hong Kong Baptist University,Kowloon,999077,Hong Kong
First Author AffilicationInstitute of Chinese Medical Sciences
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Wu,Ke Jia,Wu,Chun,Chen,Feng,et al. Time-resolved luminescent high-throughput screening platform for lysosomotropic compounds in living cells[J]. ACS Sensors,2020,6(1):166-174.
APA Wu,Ke Jia,Wu,Chun,Chen,Feng,Cheng,Sha Sha,Ma,Dik Lung,&Leung,Chung Hang.(2020).Time-resolved luminescent high-throughput screening platform for lysosomotropic compounds in living cells.ACS Sensors,6(1),166-174.
MLA Wu,Ke Jia,et al."Time-resolved luminescent high-throughput screening platform for lysosomotropic compounds in living cells".ACS Sensors 6.1(2020):166-174.
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