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Internet addiction among adolescents in Macau and mainland China: prevalence, demographics and quality of life
Xu,Dan Dan1,2; Lok,Ka In1; Liu,Huan Zhong3,4; Cao,Xiao Lan5; An,Feng Rong6; Hall,Brian J.7; Ungvari,Gabor S.8,9; Lei,Si Man10; Xiang,Yu Tao1,11
Source PublicationScientific Reports

Internet addiction (IA) is common among adolescents and significantly determined by sociocultural and economic factors. The aim of this study was to compare the prevalence of IA among adolescents between Macau and mainland China and also examine its association with quality of life. A total of 2892 secondary school students were included. Standardized instruments were used to measure IA, depressive symptoms and quality of life. The overall prevalence of IA was 23.7%, with 32.5% in Macau and 19.8% in mainland China. Students in Macau were more likely to suffer from IA than those in mainland China (OR = 2.15, p < 0.001). Correlates of IA included being in higher school grades, poor academic performance, and more severe depressive symptoms. Students with IA reported lower quality of life in physical, psychological, social, and environmental domains. IA is common among Chinese adolescents, particularly in Macau. Considering the negative impact of IA on health and quality of life, regular screening and effective interventions should be undertaken for young Internet users.

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Indexed BySCIE ; SSCI
WOS Research AreaScience & Technology - Other Topics
WOS SubjectMultidisciplinary Sciences
WOS IDWOS:000577142600034
Scopus ID2-s2.0-85091786480
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Cited Times [WOS]:4   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document TypeJournal article
CollectionFaculty of Education
Faculty of Health Sciences
Corresponding AuthorAn,Feng Rong; Xiang,Yu Tao
Affiliation1.Unit of Psychiatry,Faculty of Health Sciences,University of Macau,3/F, Building E12, Avenida da Universidade,Macao
2.Department of Biology,Faculty of Sciences,Harbin University,Harbin,China
3.Department of Psychiatry,Chaohu Hospital,Anhui Medical University,Hefei,China
4.Anhui Psychiatric Center,Anhui Medical University,Hefei,China
5.Shenzhen Children’s Hospital,Shenzhen,China
6.The National Clinical Research Center for Mental Disorders & Beijing Key Laboratory of Mental Disorders,Beijing Anding Hospital & The Advanced Innovation Center for Human Brain Protection,Capital Medical University,Beijing,China
7.New York University (Shanghai),Shanghai,China
8.Division of Psychiatry,School of Medicine,University of Western Australia,Perth,Australia
9.University of Notre Dame Australia,Fremantle,Australia
10.Faculty of Education,University of Macau,Macao
11.Center for Cognition and Brain Sciences,Institute of Advanced Studies in Humanities and Social Sciences,University of Macau,Macao
First Author AffilicationFaculty of Health Sciences
Corresponding Author AffilicationFaculty of Health Sciences;  University of Macau
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Xu,Dan Dan,Lok,Ka In,Liu,Huan Zhong,et al. Internet addiction among adolescents in Macau and mainland China: prevalence, demographics and quality of life[J]. Scientific Reports,2020,10(1).
APA Xu,Dan Dan,Lok,Ka In,Liu,Huan Zhong,Cao,Xiao Lan,An,Feng Rong,Hall,Brian J.,Ungvari,Gabor S.,Lei,Si Man,&Xiang,Yu Tao.(2020).Internet addiction among adolescents in Macau and mainland China: prevalence, demographics and quality of life.Scientific Reports,10(1).
MLA Xu,Dan Dan,et al."Internet addiction among adolescents in Macau and mainland China: prevalence, demographics and quality of life".Scientific Reports 10.1(2020).
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