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A Comparative Analysis of Junior High School Science Curriculum Standards in Mainland China, Taiwan, Hong Kong, and Macao: Based on Revised Bloom’s Taxonomy
Bing Wei; Yitong Ou
2019-12-01
Source PublicationInternational Journal of Science and Mathematics Education
ISSN1571-0068
Volume17Issue:8Pages:1459-1474
Abstract

Mainland China, Taiwan, Hong Kong, and Macao, in the Greater China Region, have similar yet different educational systems and curriculum standards, and each has performed well in international tests for science achievement. Using revised Bloom’s taxonomy, this study analyzed and explored the similarities and differences among these four Chinese regions. Some common features of their junior high science curricula were identified: conceptual knowledge represents the largest proportion of the curricula, while meta-cognitive knowledge remains extremely marginalized, and the lower levels of cognitive process represented a significantly larger proportion of the curricula than the higher levels. This study also identified some differences: mainland China, Taiwan, and Macao emphasize the memory of factual and conceptual knowledge, while Hong Kong emphasizes understanding. In addition to conceptual knowledge, Taiwan attaches importance to procedural knowledge, while Hong Kong places more emphasis on factual knowledge. Finally, some recommendations are offered for the reform of the junior high school science curriculum in these four Chinese regions and beyond, and suggestions are made for future comparative studies of science curricula around the world.

KeywordBloom’s Taxonomy Cognitive Process Junior High School Science Science Curriculum
DOI10.1007/s10763-018-9935-6
URLView the original
Indexed BySSCI
Language英語English
WOS Research AreaEducation & Educational Research
WOS SubjectEducation & Educational Research
WOS IDWOS:000495242200002
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Cited Times [WOS]:6   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document TypeJournal article
CollectionFaculty of Education
Corresponding AuthorBing Wei
AffiliationFaculty of Education,University of Macau,Taipa,Add.: Room 3027, E33, Avenida da Universidade,Macao
First Author AffilicationFaculty of Education
Corresponding Author AffilicationFaculty of Education
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Bing Wei,Yitong Ou. A Comparative Analysis of Junior High School Science Curriculum Standards in Mainland China, Taiwan, Hong Kong, and Macao: Based on Revised Bloom’s Taxonomy[J]. International Journal of Science and Mathematics Education,2019,17(8):1459-1474.
APA Bing Wei,&Yitong Ou.(2019).A Comparative Analysis of Junior High School Science Curriculum Standards in Mainland China, Taiwan, Hong Kong, and Macao: Based on Revised Bloom’s Taxonomy.International Journal of Science and Mathematics Education,17(8),1459-1474.
MLA Bing Wei,et al."A Comparative Analysis of Junior High School Science Curriculum Standards in Mainland China, Taiwan, Hong Kong, and Macao: Based on Revised Bloom’s Taxonomy".International Journal of Science and Mathematics Education 17.8(2019):1459-1474.
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