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On income convergence among China, Hong Kong and Macau
Chun Kwok Lei1; Shujie Yao2
Source PublicationWorld Economy
ABS Journal Level2

Hong Kong and Macau were reunited with China in the late 1990s as two special administrative regions (SARs). Over the last half century, they were China's good examples of economic development, windows of openness and investors. Owing to historical reasons, China lagged far behind Hong Kong and Macau in terms of per capita incomes. However, rapid economic growth in China over the last three decades must have brought about a significant convergence of the three economies. China's economic success has benefited from the integration of its two SARs and the coastal provinces, especially Guangdong, in terms of technological spillover, massive investment and trade. The economic trickledown, direct investment and trade must have been important drivers of economic integration and income convergence. This paper aims to analyse the trend and studies the determinants of income convergence between China and its two SARs. Both parametric and non‐parametric techniques are employed to quantify the pace of convergence on per capita incomes in Hong Kong, Macau and the Chinese provinces over a period of more than 40 years. We find no evidence of convergence in the pre‐reform period, but strong evidence of both absolute and conditional β‐convergence in the post‐reform period. Over the reform period, the pace of convergence is less than 1 per cent per annum without controlling for trade and more than 2 per cent conditional on trade.

Indexed BySSCI ; SSCI
WOS Research AreaBusiness & Economics ; International Relations
WOS SubjectBusiness, Finance ; Economics ; International Relations
WOS IDWOS:000253485100002
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Cited Times [WOS]:5   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document TypeJournal article
CollectionFaculty of Business Administration
Affiliation1.University of Macau
2.University of Nottingham
First Author AffilicationUniversity of Macau
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Chun Kwok Lei,Shujie Yao. On income convergence among China, Hong Kong and Macau[J]. World Economy,2008,31(3):345-366.
APA Chun Kwok Lei,&Shujie Yao.(2008).On income convergence among China, Hong Kong and Macau.World Economy,31(3),345-366.
MLA Chun Kwok Lei,et al."On income convergence among China, Hong Kong and Macau".World Economy 31.3(2008):345-366.
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