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Supporting Orthographic Learning at the Beginning Stage of Learning to Read Chinese as a Second Language
Chang,Li Yun1; Xu,Yi2; Perfetti,Charles A.1; Zhang,Juan3; Chen,Hsueh Chih4
2014-07-03
Source PublicationInternational Journal of Disability, Development and Education
ISSN1034-912X
Volume61Issue:3Pages:288-305
Abstract

Learning to read a second language (L2) is especially challenging when a target L2 requires learning new graphic forms. Learning Chinese, which consists of thousands of characters composed of hundreds of basic writing units, presents such a challenge of orthographic learning for adult English speakers at the beginning stages of learning. In this study, we use an in vivo classroom design to extend previous research on how to support orthographic learning. First, we test the hypothesis that learning characters is enhanced by a grouped sequence of characters that share sub-character graphic components. Second, we examine the effects of four encoding methods that have been investigated in laboratory studies—handwriting, visual chunking, passive reading, and stroke-reporting. The results demonstrate that the grouped approach facilitated character production compared with the distributed approach and that visual-chunking outperformed the other three encoding methods under the grouped sequence. We propose that learning via visual chunking with characters grouped by the same chunks enhances the Chinese orthographic representations of beginning L2 learners.

KeywordCharacter Scoring Scheme Characters-distributed Instruction Characters-in-group Instruction Chinese As Foreign/second-language Learning Encoding Methods Handwriting In Vivo Experiment Orthographic Learning Reading Visual Chunking
DOI10.1080/1034912X.2014.934016
URLView the original
Indexed BySSCI
Language英語English
WOS Research AreaEducation & Educational Research ; Rehabilitation
WOS SubjectEducation, Special ; Rehabilitation
WOS IDWOS:000342307400008
PublisherROUTLEDGE JOURNALS
Fulltext Access
Citation statistics
Cited Times [WOS]:13   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document TypeJournal article
CollectionFaculty of Education
Corresponding AuthorChang,Li Yun; Perfetti,Charles A.
Affiliation1.Learning Research and Development Center, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, United States
2.Department of East Asian Languages and Literatures, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, United States
3.University of Macau, Macau, China
4.Department of Educational Psychology and Counseling, National Taiwan Normal University, Taipei, Taiwan
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Chang,Li Yun,Xu,Yi,Perfetti,Charles A.,et al. Supporting Orthographic Learning at the Beginning Stage of Learning to Read Chinese as a Second Language[J]. International Journal of Disability, Development and Education,2014,61(3):288-305.
APA Chang,Li Yun,Xu,Yi,Perfetti,Charles A.,Zhang,Juan,&Chen,Hsueh Chih.(2014).Supporting Orthographic Learning at the Beginning Stage of Learning to Read Chinese as a Second Language.International Journal of Disability, Development and Education,61(3),288-305.
MLA Chang,Li Yun,et al."Supporting Orthographic Learning at the Beginning Stage of Learning to Read Chinese as a Second Language".International Journal of Disability, Development and Education 61.3(2014):288-305.
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