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What studying problems are faced by the adolescent grade repeaters in Macao: uncovering underlying mechanisms based on evidences from the PISA 2012 Study
Pou-seong Sit1; Kwok-cheung Cheung1; Wai-cheong Cheong1; Soi-kei Mak1; Kay-cheng Soh2; Man-kai Ieong1
2015-09-13
Source PublicationAsia Pacific Education Review
ISSN1598-1037
Volume16Issue:3Pages:367-377
Abstract

Most schools in Macao are private schools, and there is a variety of grade repetition policy practiced in the 45 secondary schools. The policies are translated into school-based accountability of some kind of minimum competency standards. The objective of this study is to uncover the mediation mechanisms accounting for the influences of grade repetition on student performance. Three mechanisms are postulated to explain the performance of the adolescent grade repeaters: (1) insufficient opportunity to learn, (2) inadequate self-regulation of students, and (3) inappropriate teacher guidance and management. Based on the Programme for International Student Assessment 2012 Study, the three identified mechanisms (involving eight mediation variables) together explain 0.7 grade level worth of schooling. The implication is that unless remedial programs and courses of action for the grade repeaters can be shown empirically to be effective, it is not a good idea for Macao schools to maintain their grade repetition policies without teachers’ proper guidance and instruction.

KeywordGrade Repetition Macao Mathematics Literacy Performance Mediation Analysis Pisa
DOI10.1007/s12564-015-9388-3
URLView the original
Indexed BySSCI ; SSCI
Language英語English
WOS Research AreaEducation & Educational Research
WOS SubjectEducation & Educational Research
WOS IDWOS:000360937400005
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Cited Times [WOS]:2   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document TypeJournal article
CollectionFaculty of Education
Corresponding AuthorPou-seong Sit
Affiliation1.University of Macau,,Macao,Macao
2.Singapore Centre for Chinese Language,Nanyang Technological University,,Singapore,Singapore
First Author AffilicationUniversity of Macau
Corresponding Author AffilicationUniversity of Macau
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Pou-seong Sit,Kwok-cheung Cheung,Wai-cheong Cheong,et al. What studying problems are faced by the adolescent grade repeaters in Macao: uncovering underlying mechanisms based on evidences from the PISA 2012 Study[J]. Asia Pacific Education Review,2015,16(3):367-377.
APA Pou-seong Sit,Kwok-cheung Cheung,Wai-cheong Cheong,Soi-kei Mak,Kay-cheng Soh,&Man-kai Ieong.(2015).What studying problems are faced by the adolescent grade repeaters in Macao: uncovering underlying mechanisms based on evidences from the PISA 2012 Study.Asia Pacific Education Review,16(3),367-377.
MLA Pou-seong Sit,et al."What studying problems are faced by the adolescent grade repeaters in Macao: uncovering underlying mechanisms based on evidences from the PISA 2012 Study".Asia Pacific Education Review 16.3(2015):367-377.
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