Extending hope theory: Internal and external locus of trait hope
Allan B.I.Bernardo
Source PublicationPersonality and Individual Differences
ABS Journal Level3

Research using hope theory has shown that individual differences in trait hope explain variations inhow people attain their goals. But hope theory seems to assume that goal attainment is a purely indi-vidual pursuit. In this study, hope theory was extended to include the locus-of-hope dimension, withboth internal and external agency in generating plans for pursuing goals. External agents may beone’s family, peers, or a supernatural/spiritual being. The locus-of-hope dimensions were definedand validated in two studies with Filipino university students. Study 1 used confirmatory factor anal-ysis to test hypothesized models of the locus-of-hope dimension. Study 2 used confirmatory factoranalysis to further validate the model, then used regression analysis to show that the internal andexternal locus-of-hope dimensions were associated with individual-level individualism and collectiv-ism, respectively.

KeywordHope Hope Theory Locus-of-hope Individualism Collectivism Models Of Agency
Indexed BySSCI
WOS Research AreaPsychology
WOS SubjectPsychology, Social
WOS IDWOS:000283394100021
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Cited Times [WOS]:58   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document TypeJournal article
CollectionUniversity of Macau
Corresponding AuthorAllan B.I.Bernardo
AffiliationCounseling and Educational Psychology Department, De La Salle University, Rm 1609 Br Andrew Gonzalez Hall, 2401 Taft Avenue, Manila 1004, Philippines
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Allan B.I.Bernardo. Extending hope theory: Internal and external locus of trait hope[J]. Personality and Individual Differences,2010,49(8):944-949.
APA Allan B.I.Bernardo.(2010).Extending hope theory: Internal and external locus of trait hope.Personality and Individual Differences,49(8),944-949.
MLA Allan B.I.Bernardo."Extending hope theory: Internal and external locus of trait hope".Personality and Individual Differences 49.8(2010):944-949.
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