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Psychometric validation of the PTSD Checklist-5 among female Filipino migrant workers
Hall, BJ1,2; Yip, PSY1; Garabiles, MR1,3; Lao, CK1; Chan, EWW1; Marx, BP4,5

Migrant populations are at increased risk for exposure to traumatic life events. Presently, there are no reliable and valid screening instruments forposttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among Filipino migrant workers, a population that numbers over 2.3 million worldwide. This study evaluated thepsychometric properties of the PTSD Checklist for DSM-5 (PCL-5) in a sample of female Filipino migrant workers in Macao (SAR), China, in two studies. Thefirst examined the reliability (internal and test-retest), convergent validity (with depression, anxiety, and rumination), and discriminant validity (with pain and social support) in a sample of 131 participants. The second study established criterion validity of the PCL-5 using the PTSD module of the Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI), delivered by a female Filipino psychologist as the criterion, in a sample of 100 participants. Results indicated excellent internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha = 0.95) and moderate 10-day test-retest reliability (rho = 0.58, p < .001). PCL-5 scores correlated strongly with scores on measures of depression (rho = 0.71, p < .001), anxiety (rho = 0.61, p < .001), and rumination (rho = 0.68, p < .001), supporting convergent validity. Discriminant validity was demonstrated by a weaker association with scores on measures of pain (rho = 0.33, p < .001) and social support (rho = -0.11, p = .22). The diagnostic accuracy of the scale was good (AUC = 0.87). The optimal cutoff score of 25 optimized sensitivity (0.89) while maintaining adequate specificity (0.73), with a weighted Kappa of kappa[1]) = 0.82. Our results demonstrated that the PCL-5 is a reliable and valid screening instrument for use among female Filipino migrant workers.

KeywordPosttraumatic Stress Disorder Checklist Psychometric Validation Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Trauma Migrants Filipino Domestic Workers
Indexed BySSCI
WOS Research AreaPsychology ; Psychiatry
WOS SubjectPsychology, Clinical ; Psychiatry
WOS IDWOS:000457597600001
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Cited Times [WOS]:11   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document TypeJournal article
CollectionFaculty of Social Sciences
Affiliation1.Univ Macau, Fac Social Sci, Global & Community Mental Hlth Res Grp, Macau, Peoples R China
2.Johns Hopkins Bloomberg Sch Publ Hlth, Dept Hlth Behav & Soc, Baltimore, MD USA
3.Ateneo Manila Univ, Dept Psychol, Quezon City, Philippines
4.Natl Ctr PTSD, Dept Vet Affairs, Boston, MA USA
5.Boston Univ, Dept Psychiat, Boston, MA 02215 USA
First Author AffilicationUniversity of Macau
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Hall, BJ,Yip, PSY,Garabiles, MR,et al. Psychometric validation of the PTSD Checklist-5 among female Filipino migrant workers[J]. EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PSYCHOTRAUMATOLOGY,2019,10(1).
APA Hall, BJ,Yip, PSY,Garabiles, MR,Lao, CK,Chan, EWW,&Marx, BP.(2019).Psychometric validation of the PTSD Checklist-5 among female Filipino migrant workers.EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PSYCHOTRAUMATOLOGY,10(1).
MLA Hall, BJ,et al."Psychometric validation of the PTSD Checklist-5 among female Filipino migrant workers".EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PSYCHOTRAUMATOLOGY 10.1(2019).
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