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A Longitudinal Multilevel Model of Tourist Outbound Travel Behavior and the Dual-Cycle Model
Wong,Ip Kin Anthony1; Fong,Lawrence Hoc Nang2; Law,Rob3
2016-09-01
Source PublicationJournal of Travel Research
ABS Journal Level4
ISSN15526763 00472875
Volume55Issue:7Pages:957-970
Abstract

The objective of this longitudinal study is to explore whether changes in tourists’ outbound travel behavior can be explained by their demographic characteristics and by economic fluctuations over time. A multilevel model of outbound travel behavior that incorporates both individual characteristics and changes in the economy is proposed. Based on a large sample from a 10-year longitudinal study, our findings show that both individual- and macro-level factors directly influence tourist behavior. The multilevel model suggests that tourist travel behavior and the effects of tourist demographics are time-variant, and can be best explained by economic fluctuations. In addition, the findings suggest that the tourist life cycle and the economic cycle, and the cross-level interaction of both, jointly influence tourist travel behavior, thus suggesting a new cross-level, dual-cycle model of travel behavior.

KeywordDemographic Variables Economic Performance Multilevel Analysis Outbound Travel Tourist Behavior
DOI10.1177/0047287515601239
URLView the original
Indexed BySSCI
Language英语
WOS Research AreaSocial Sciences - Other Topics
WOS SubjectHospitality, Leisure, Sport & Tourism
WOS IDWOS:000382545200010
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Citation statistics
Cited Times [WOS]:16   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document TypeJournal article
CollectionFaculty of Business Administration
DEPARTMENT OF INTEGRATED RESORT AND TOURISM MANAGEMENT
Corresponding AuthorWong,Ip Kin Anthony
Affiliation1.Faculty of International Tourism and Management,City University of Macau,,Macao
2.Faculty of Business Administration,University of Macau,,Macao
3.School of Hotel & Tourism Management,Hong Kong Polytechnic University,,Kowloon,Hong Kong
First Author AffilicationUniversity of Macau
Corresponding Author AffilicationUniversity of Macau
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Wong,Ip Kin Anthony,Fong,Lawrence Hoc Nang,Law,Rob. A Longitudinal Multilevel Model of Tourist Outbound Travel Behavior and the Dual-Cycle Model[J]. Journal of Travel Research,2016,55(7):957-970.
APA Wong,Ip Kin Anthony,Fong,Lawrence Hoc Nang,&Law,Rob.(2016).A Longitudinal Multilevel Model of Tourist Outbound Travel Behavior and the Dual-Cycle Model.Journal of Travel Research,55(7),957-970.
MLA Wong,Ip Kin Anthony,et al."A Longitudinal Multilevel Model of Tourist Outbound Travel Behavior and the Dual-Cycle Model".Journal of Travel Research 55.7(2016):957-970.
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