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Psychological distress and resilience as risk and protective factors of psychoactive substance use among Chinese nonengaged youth
Wu,Anise M.S.1; Lau,Joseph T.F.2,3,4; Mo,Phoenix K.H.2,3; Lau,Mason M.C.2
2018-03-01
Source PublicationJournal of Community and Applied Social Psychology
ISSN10991298 10529284
Volume28Issue:2Pages:49-64
Abstract

Nonengaged youth (NEY) are those who have neither been working nor studying for a prolonged period of time. They are at risk of psychoactive substance use, but relevant studies are scarce. Based on a population-based telephone survey and referrals, we anonymously interviewed 479 Hong Kong Chinese NEY aged 15–24 years. Of them, 14.8–23.7% reported moderate to severe depression, anxiety, and stress. Moreover, one fourth of the participants (24.8%; n = 119) had used psychoactive substances. Adjusted analyses showed that these three psychological distress variables were positively associated with, while resilience was negatively associated with, both ever-use of psychoactive substances and intention to use such substances in the next 12 months. Loneliness was associated only with intention to use psychoactive substances. The mediating role of psychological distress was shown: Anxiety significantly mediated the association between resilience and ever-use of psychoactive substances, whereas depression mediated that between resilience and behavioural intention. Resilience was not a significant moderator on the relationship between psychological distress and ever-use of psychoactive substance use or behavioural intention to use those substances. The findings suggest that anti-drug interventions should outreach NEY and should include mental health support as well as building up resilience, as NEY are prone to psychological distress that increases risk of substance use.

KeywordDropout Psychological Distress Resilience Substance Use Unemployment
DOI10.1002/casp.2340
URLView the original
Indexed BySSCI
Language英语
WOS Research AreaPsychology
WOS SubjectPsychology, Social
WOS IDWOS:000426625900001
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Cited Times [WOS]:1   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document TypeJournal article
CollectionDEPARTMENT OF PSYCHOLOGY
Affiliation1.Department of Psychology,University of Macau,,Taipa,Macao
2.Centre for Health Behaviours Research,Chinese University of Hong Kong,,Hong Kong
3.Shenzhen Research Institute,The Chinese University of Hong Kong,,Shenzhen,China
4.Centre for Medical Anthropology and Behavioral Health,Sun Yat-sen University,,Guangzhou,China
First Author AffilicationUniversity of Macau
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Wu,Anise M.S.,Lau,Joseph T.F.,Mo,Phoenix K.H.,et al. Psychological distress and resilience as risk and protective factors of psychoactive substance use among Chinese nonengaged youth[J]. Journal of Community and Applied Social Psychology,2018,28(2):49-64.
APA Wu,Anise M.S.,Lau,Joseph T.F.,Mo,Phoenix K.H.,&Lau,Mason M.C..(2018).Psychological distress and resilience as risk and protective factors of psychoactive substance use among Chinese nonengaged youth.Journal of Community and Applied Social Psychology,28(2),49-64.
MLA Wu,Anise M.S.,et al."Psychological distress and resilience as risk and protective factors of psychoactive substance use among Chinese nonengaged youth".Journal of Community and Applied Social Psychology 28.2(2018):49-64.
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