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Acting and anticipating: Impact of outcome-compatible distractor depends on response selection efficiency
Gozli,Davood G.1,2; Huffman,Greg1; Pratt,Jay1
2016-12-08
Source PublicationJournal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance
ISSN19391277 00961523
Volume42Issue:10Pages:1601-1614
Abstract

Action selection is thought to involve selection of the action's sensory outcomes. This notion is supported when encountering a distractor that resembles a learned response-outcome biases response selection. Some evidence, however, suggests that a larger contribution of stimulus-based response selection leaves little role for outcome-based selection, especially in forced-choice tasks with easily identifiable target stimuli. In the present study, we asked whether the contribution of outcome-based selection depends on the ease and efficiency of stimulus-based selection. If so, then efficient stimulus-based response selection should reduce the impact of an irrelevant distractor that resemble a response- outcome. We manipulated efficiency of stimulus-based selection by varying the spatial relationship between stimulus and response (Experiment 1) and by varying stimulus discriminability (Experiments 2). We hypothesized that with efficient stimulus-based selection, outcome-based processes will play a weaker role in response selection, and performance will be less susceptible to outcome-compatible or -incompatible distractors. By contrast, when stimulus-based selection is relatively inefficient, outcome-based processes will play a stronger role in response selection, and performance should be more susceptible to outcome-compatible or -incompatible distractors. Confirming our predictions, our results showed stronger impact of the distractors when stimulus-based response selection was relatively inefficient. Finally, results of a control experiment (Experiment 3) suggested that learning the consistent response-outcome mapping is necessary for obtaining the effect of these distractors. We conclude that outcome-based processes do contribute to response selection in forced-choice tasks, and that this contribution varies with the efficiency of stimulus-based response selection.

KeywordAction Selection Associative Learning Ideomotor Theory Theory Of Event Coding
DOI10.1037/xhp0000238
URLView the original
Indexed BySSCI
Language英语
WOS Research AreaPsychology
WOS SubjectPsychology ; Psychology, Experimental
WOS IDWOS:000384646300010
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Cited Times [WOS]:9   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document TypeJournal article
CollectionDEPARTMENT OF PSYCHOLOGY
Corresponding AuthorGozli,Davood G.; Huffman,Greg
Affiliation1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of Toronto,Canada
2.Institute of PsychologyLeiden University,Netherlands
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Gozli,Davood G.,Huffman,Greg,Pratt,Jay. Acting and anticipating: Impact of outcome-compatible distractor depends on response selection efficiency[J]. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance,2016,42(10):1601-1614.
APA Gozli,Davood G.,Huffman,Greg,&Pratt,Jay.(2016).Acting and anticipating: Impact of outcome-compatible distractor depends on response selection efficiency.Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance,42(10),1601-1614.
MLA Gozli,Davood G.,et al."Acting and anticipating: Impact of outcome-compatible distractor depends on response selection efficiency".Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance 42.10(2016):1601-1614.
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