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Self-reported posttraumatic growth predicts greater subsequent posttraumatic stress amidst war and terrorism
Zalta,Alyson K.1; Gerhart,James2; Hall,Brian J.3,4; Rajan,Kumar B.5; Vechiu,Catalina6; Canetti,Daphna7; Hobfoll,Stevan E.2
2017-02-12
Source PublicationAnxiety, Stress and Coping
ISSN14772205 10615806
Volume30Issue:2Pages:176-187
AbstractBackground and objective: This study tested three alternative explanations for research indicating a positive, but heterogeneous relationship between self-reported posttraumatic growth (PTG) and posttraumatic stress symptoms (PSS): (a) the third-variable hypothesis that the relationship between PTG and PSS is a spurious one driven by positive relationships with resource loss, (b) the growth over time hypothesis that the relationship between PTG and PSS is initially a positive one, but becomes negative over time, and (c) the moderator hypothesis that resource loss moderates the relationship between PTG and PSS such that PTG is associated with lower levels of PSS as loss increases. Design and method: A nationally representative sample (N = 1622) of Israelis was assessed at three time points during a period of ongoing violence. PTG, resource loss, and the interaction between PTG and loss were examined as lagged predictors of PSS to test the proposed hypotheses. Results: Results were inconsistent with all three hypotheses, showing that PTG positively predicted subsequent PSS when accounting for main and interactive effects of loss. Conclusions: Our results suggest that self-reported PTG is a meaningful but counterintuitive predictor of poorer mental health following trauma.
Keywordpolitical violence Posttraumatic growth posttraumatic stress resource loss terrorism
DOI10.1080/10615806.2016.1229467
URLView the original
Language英语
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Cited Times [WOS]:16   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document TypeJournal article
CollectionUniversity of Macau
Corresponding AuthorZalta,Alyson K.
Affiliation1.Departments of Behavioral Sciences and PsychiatryRush University Medical Center,Chicago,United States
2.Department of Behavioral SciencesRush University Medical Center,Chicago,United States
3.Global and Community Mental Health Research GroupDepartment of PsychologyUniversity of Macau (SAR),Macao
4.Department of HealthBehavior and SocietyJohns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health,Baltimore,United States
5.Department of Internal MedicineRush University Medical Center,Chicago,United States
6.Department of PsychologyUniversity of Nevada,Reno,United States
7.School of Political ScienceUniversity of Haifa,Haifa,Israel
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GB/T 7714
Zalta,Alyson K.,Gerhart,James,Hall,Brian J.,et al. Self-reported posttraumatic growth predicts greater subsequent posttraumatic stress amidst war and terrorism[J]. Anxiety, Stress and Coping,2017,30(2):176-187.
APA Zalta,Alyson K..,Gerhart,James.,Hall,Brian J..,Rajan,Kumar B..,Vechiu,Catalina.,...&Hobfoll,Stevan E..(2017).Self-reported posttraumatic growth predicts greater subsequent posttraumatic stress amidst war and terrorism.Anxiety, Stress and Coping,30(2),176-187.
MLA Zalta,Alyson K.,et al."Self-reported posttraumatic growth predicts greater subsequent posttraumatic stress amidst war and terrorism".Anxiety, Stress and Coping 30.2(2017):176-187.
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