Formal and informal control views in China, Japan, and the U.S.
Jiang,Shanhe1; Lambert,Eric G.2; Liu,Jianhong3; Saito,Toyoji4
Source PublicationJournal of Criminal Justice
AbstractPurpose: This study compared and contrasted the views of formal and informal crime control among college students from China, Japan, and the U.S., and examined the correlates behind the views. Methods: Using the same questionnaire, this study collected data from 1,275 completed surveys in the three nations. Results: The study revealed that both Chinese and Japanese respondents evaluated formal and informal control and their combination in crime control as more important than American counterparts did. The variable trust in police was a predictor of attitudes toward formal control and the mix of formal and informal control in all the three nations. Demographics in the U.S. were more important factors than in China and Japan in predicting the respondents' ranking of the importance of formal control and informal control and their combination in crime control. Conclusions: This is the first empirically comparative study of the perceived importance of formal and informal mechanisms in crime prevention and control in China, Japan and the U.S. The study found both similarities and differences in the perceived importance and reasons behind them. More research is needed in the future. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.
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Document TypeJournal article
CollectionUniversity of Macau
Affiliation1.Criminal Justice ProgramUniversity of Toledo,United States
2.Department of Legal StudiesUniversity of MississippiUniversity,United States
3.Faculty of Social Sciences and HumanitiesUniversity of Macau,Macao
4.Department of EconomicsOsaka University of Commence,Japan
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Jiang,Shanhe,Lambert,Eric G.,Liu,Jianhong,et al. Formal and informal control views in China, Japan, and the U.S.[J]. Journal of Criminal Justice,2019,42(1):36-44.
APA Jiang,Shanhe,Lambert,Eric G.,Liu,Jianhong,&Saito,Toyoji.(2019).Formal and informal control views in China, Japan, and the U.S..Journal of Criminal Justice,42(1),36-44.
MLA Jiang,Shanhe,et al."Formal and informal control views in China, Japan, and the U.S.".Journal of Criminal Justice 42.1(2019):36-44.
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