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Chinese police supervisors' occupational attitudes: Role orientation, community policing, and job satisfaction
Sun,Ivan Y.1; Liu,Jianhong2; Farmer,Ashley K.1
Source PublicationPolicing

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to assess factors that influence Chinese police supervisors’ attitudes toward police roles, community policing, and job satisfaction.

Design/methodology/approach – Survey data were collected from police supervisors in a major Chinese city. Multivariate regression was used to assess the effects of officers’ background characteristics and assignments on their occupational attitudes.

Findings – Ethnic minority supervisors were more likely to have a broader order maintenance orientation, a narrower crime fighting orientation, and supportive attitudes toward quality of life activities. Less experienced supervisors were more inclined to favor the order maintenance role. Supervisors with a stronger order maintenance orientation tended to support problem solving activities and have a greater level of job satisfaction. Officers with military service experience also expressed a higher degree of job satisfaction.

Research limitations/implications – Survey data collected from a single Chinese city may not be generalizable to officers in other regions and departments. Practical implications – Police administrators should screen all applicants on attitudes that reflect departmental work priorities and styles of policing during the initial selection process. Desirable attitudes can be further molded into officers during their academic training, field officer training, and in-service training. Police administrators should continue their recruiting efforts targeting former military personnel. With adequate training in fulfilling civilian tasks and displaying proper outlooks, these individuals could become effective members of the forces.

Originality/value – Despite a growing number of studies on crime and justice in China, empirical research on policing in general and on officers’ occupational attitudes in particular remains very limited. This study represents one of the first attempts to assess factors related to police occupational outlooks in China.

KeywordChina Community Policing Job Satisfaction Police Attitudes Role Orientation
URLView the original
Indexed BySSCI
WOS Research AreaCriminology & Penology
WOS SubjectCriminology & Penology
WOS IDWOS:000374179700013
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Cited Times [WOS]:10   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document TypeJournal article
Faculty of Law
Corresponding AuthorSun,Ivan Y.
Affiliation1.Department of Sociology and Criminal Justice, University of Delaware, Newark, United States
2.Department of Sociology, University of Macau, Macau, China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Sun,Ivan Y.,Liu,Jianhong,Farmer,Ashley K.. Chinese police supervisors' occupational attitudes: Role orientation, community policing, and job satisfaction[J]. Policing,2016,39(1):190-205.
APA Sun,Ivan Y.,Liu,Jianhong,&Farmer,Ashley K..(2016).Chinese police supervisors' occupational attitudes: Role orientation, community policing, and job satisfaction.Policing,39(1),190-205.
MLA Sun,Ivan Y.,et al."Chinese police supervisors' occupational attitudes: Role orientation, community policing, and job satisfaction".Policing 39.1(2016):190-205.
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