UM  > Faculty of Social Sciences  > DEPARTMENT OF COMMUNICATION
The End of Occupation
Shih-Diing Liu
Source PublicationInterventions
ISSN1469929X 1369801X

This essay offers an initial account of the Occupy Central movements of 2011 and 2014, focusing on the dynamic practices and processes of the two occupations through a comparative perspective. It provides a description of the scenes, demands and relationships of ordinary occupiers at the protest zones and considers the implications of the “leaderless” logic in relation to the organization of popular power. Contrary to the romanticizing notion of a leaderless movement and the celebration of Occupy Central as “a spontaneous one without leaders and without the need of leaders”, I propose that it is necessary to pay attention to the tensions and confrontations taking place within the movements. Although the first Occupy Central “set seeds of possibility, gave a sense of new modes of organizing, of direct democratic expression”, its leadership and organizational problems resurfaced in the second occupy protest. The struggle over the freedom to nominate and elect a leader–as manifested in the second occupy movement–has been paradoxically dismantled by its leaderless propensity. The historical conditions that have facilitated the condition for a “leaderless” and “spontaneous” movement and the consequences engendered by these tendencies deserve a critical analysis. The case of Hong Kong, with all its ambivalence about hierarchy and representation, raises deep questions about the notion of leaderlessness and the privileging of tactics over strategy in the context of the global waves of occupy movements.

KeywordAnti-capitalism Hong Kong Leaderlessness Occupy Central Organizing Popular Democracy Spontaneity
URLView the original
Indexed BySSCI
WOS Research AreaCultural Studies ; History
WOS SubjectCultural Studies ; History
WOS IDWOS:000399563000004
Fulltext Access
Citation statistics
Cited Times [WOS]:0   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document TypeJournal article
Corresponding AuthorShih-Diing Liu
AffiliationUniversity of Macau,Macao
First Author AffilicationUniversity of Macau
Corresponding Author AffilicationUniversity of Macau
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Shih-Diing Liu. The End of Occupation[J]. Interventions,2017,19(4):507-531.
APA Shih-Diing Liu.(2017).The End of Occupation.Interventions,19(4),507-531.
MLA Shih-Diing Liu."The End of Occupation".Interventions 19.4(2017):507-531.
Files in This Item:
There are no files associated with this item.
Related Services
Recommend this item
Usage statistics
Export to Endnote
Google Scholar
Similar articles in Google Scholar
[Shih-Diing Liu]'s Articles
Baidu academic
Similar articles in Baidu academic
[Shih-Diing Liu]'s Articles
Bing Scholar
Similar articles in Bing Scholar
[Shih-Diing Liu]'s Articles
Terms of Use
No data!
Social Bookmark/Share
All comments (0)
No comment.

Items in the repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.