Efficient photocatalytic activity with carbon-doped SiO2 nanoparticles
Zhang D.1; Wu J.1; Zhou B.1; Hong Y.1; Li S.1; Wen W.1
Source PublicationNanoscale
ISSN20403364 20403372
AbstractPhotocatalysis provides a 'green' approach to completely eliminate various kinds of contaminants that are fatal for current environmental and energy issues. Semiconductors are one of the most frequently used photocatalysts as they can absorb light over a wide spectral range. However, it is also well known that naked SiO is not an efficient photocatalyst due to its relatively large band gap, which could only absorb shortwave ultraviolet light. In this report, nanoscale particles of carbon-doped silicon dioxide (C-doped SiO) for use in photocatalysis were successfully prepared by a facile one-pot thermal process using tetraethylorthosilicate (TEOS) as the source of both silicon and carbon. These particles were subsequently characterized by thermogravimetric analysis, X-ray diffraction, standard and high resolution transmission electron microscopy and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. The C-doped SiO displayed outstanding photocatalytic properties, as evidenced by its catalysis of Rhodamine B degradation under near-UV irradiation. We propose that carbon doping of the SiO lattice creates new energy states between the bottom of the conduction band and the top of the valence band, which narrows the band gap of the material. As a result, the C-doped SiO nanoparticles exhibit excellent photocatalytic activities in a neutral environment. The novel synthesis reported herein for this material is both energy efficient and environmentally friendly and as such shows promise as a technique for low-cost, readily scalable industrial production. © 2013 The Royal Society of Chemistry.
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Cited Times [WOS]:23   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document TypeJournal article
CollectionUniversity of Macau
Affiliation1.Hong Kong University of Science and Technology
2.Huaihai Institute of Technology
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GB/T 7714
Zhang D.,Wu J.,Zhou B.,et al. Efficient photocatalytic activity with carbon-doped SiO2 nanoparticles[J]. Nanoscale,2013,5(13):6167-6172.
APA Zhang D.,Wu J.,Zhou B.,Hong Y.,Li S.,&Wen W..(2013).Efficient photocatalytic activity with carbon-doped SiO2 nanoparticles.Nanoscale,5(13),6167-6172.
MLA Zhang D.,et al."Efficient photocatalytic activity with carbon-doped SiO2 nanoparticles".Nanoscale 5.13(2013):6167-6172.
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