Unconventional growth mechanism for monolithic integration of III-V on silicon
Ng K.W.2; Ko W.S.2; Tran T.-T.D.2; Chen R.2; Nazarenko M.V.1; Lu F.2; Dubrovskii V.G.1; Kamp M.3; Forchel A.3; Chang-Hasnain C.J.2
Source PublicationACS Nano
ISSN19360851 1936086X
AbstractThe heterogeneous integration of III-V optoelectronic devices with Si electronic circuits is highly desirable because it will enable many otherwise unattainable capabilities. However, direct growth of III-V thin film on silicon substrates has been very challenging because of large mismatches in lattice constants and thermal coefficients. Furthermore, the high epitaxial growth temperature is detrimental to transistor performance. Here, we present a detailed studies on a novel growth mode which yields a catalyst-free (Al,In)GaAs nanopillar laser on a silicon substrate by metal-organic chemical vapor deposition at the low temperature of 400 °C. We study the growth and misfit stress relaxation mechanism by cutting through the center of the InGaAs/GaAs nanopillars using focused ion beam and inspecting with high-resolution transmission electron microscopy. The bulk material of the nanopillar is in pure wurtzite crystal phase, despite the 6% lattice mismatch with the substrate, with all stacking disorders well confined in the bottom-most transition region and terminated horizontally. Furthermore, InGaAs was found to be in direct contact with silicon, in agreement with the observed crystal orientation alignment and good electrical conduction across the interface. This is in sharp contrast to many III-V nanowires on silicon which are observed to stem from thin SiN, SiO, or SiO/Si openings. In addition, GaAs was found to grow perfectly as a shell layer on InGa As with an extraordinary thickness, which is 15 times greater than the theoretical thin-film critical thickness for a 1.5% lattice mismatch. This is attributed to the core-shell radial geometry allowing the outer layers to expand and release the strain due to lattice mismatch. The findings in this study redefine the rules for lattice-mismatched growth on heterogeneous substrates and device structure design. © 2012 American Chemical Society.
Keywordcritical thickness III-V on Si laser nanoneedle nanopillar nanowire transmission electron microscopy
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Document TypeJournal article
CollectionUniversity of Macau
Affiliation1.St Petersburg National Research Academic University of the Russian Academy of Sciences
2.University of California, Berkeley
3.Julius-Maximilians-Universität Würzburg
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Ng K.W.,Ko W.S.,Tran T.-T.D.,et al. Unconventional growth mechanism for monolithic integration of III-V on silicon[J]. ACS Nano,2013,7(1):100-107.
APA Ng K.W..,Ko W.S..,Tran T.-T.D..,Chen R..,Nazarenko M.V..,...&Chang-Hasnain C.J..(2013).Unconventional growth mechanism for monolithic integration of III-V on silicon.ACS Nano,7(1),100-107.
MLA Ng K.W.,et al."Unconventional growth mechanism for monolithic integration of III-V on silicon".ACS Nano 7.1(2013):100-107.
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