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Toughened polypropylene with balanced rigidity. IV. Morphology, crystallization behavior, and thermal properties
Hongjie Zhang; Jingwu Wang; Shaokui Cao; Yong Wang
2011
Source PublicationJOURNAL OF APPLIED POLYMER SCIENCE
ISSN0021-8995
Volume78Issue:8Pages:1351-1358
Abstract

The morphology of toughened polypropylene with balanced rigidity (TRPP) was characterized by using transmission electron microscopy and polarizing light microscopy. The crystallization behavior and thermal properties were investigated by differential thermal analysis and thermogravimetric analysis. The PP component in the polymer blend was realized as the continuous phase and the elastomer component as the dispersed phase with a cellular structure (salami structure) containing some PP. The particles of the dispersed phase were small and regular. The cellular structure of the TRPPs resulted from the introduction of toughening master batches and was similar to the morphology of acrylonitrile‐butadiene‐styrene and high‐impact polystyrene synthesized by graft copolymerization. By gradually cooling from the melt, crystallization of TRPPs was nucleated heterogeneously and the crystallization temperature was slightly higher than that of PP whereas the crystallite size was remarkably reduced. For the samples with different compositions, the number, shape, and size of the cellular dispersed particles and the crystallite size were different. Considering the toughening theories and our experimental data, it was concluded that the samples with more regular and small cellular dispersed particles generally had better mechanical properties and the remarkably reduced crystallite size of PP was favorable for toughness improvement. The melting point, thermal oxidation temperature, and thermal oxidation onset temperature of the TRPPs were all a little lower than those of PP and the processability remained good. © 2000 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci 79: 1351–1358, 2001

KeywordToughened Polypropylene Morphology Crystallization Behavior Thermal Properties Balanced Rigidity
DOIhttps://doi.org/10.1002/1097-4628(20010222)79:8<1351::AID-APP20>3.0.CO;2-W
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
WOS Research AreaPolymer Science
WOS SubjectPolymer Science
WOS IDWOS:000166230400002
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Cited Times [WOS]:3   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document TypeJournal article
CollectionFaculty of Health Sciences
AffiliationDepartment of Materials Engineering, Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou 450052, People's Republic of China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Hongjie Zhang,Jingwu Wang,Shaokui Cao,et al. Toughened polypropylene with balanced rigidity. IV. Morphology, crystallization behavior, and thermal properties[J]. JOURNAL OF APPLIED POLYMER SCIENCE,2011,78(8):1351-1358.
APA Hongjie Zhang,Jingwu Wang,Shaokui Cao,&Yong Wang.(2011).Toughened polypropylene with balanced rigidity. IV. Morphology, crystallization behavior, and thermal properties.JOURNAL OF APPLIED POLYMER SCIENCE,78(8),1351-1358.
MLA Hongjie Zhang,et al."Toughened polypropylene with balanced rigidity. IV. Morphology, crystallization behavior, and thermal properties".JOURNAL OF APPLIED POLYMER SCIENCE 78.8(2011):1351-1358.
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