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Evaluation and Sequential Dispatch of Operating Reserve Provided by Air Conditioners Considering Lead-Lag Rebound Effect
Cui, Wenqi1; Ding, Yi1; Hui, Hongxun1; Lin, Zhenzhi1; Du, Pengwei2; Song, Yonghua1,3; Shao, Changzheng1
2018-11
Source PublicationIEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER SYSTEMS
ISSN0885-8950
Volume33Issue:6Pages:6935-6950
Abstract

Air conditioners (ACs) are widely considered as good candidates to provide operating reserve. Demand response rebound, i.e., the rebound peak of aggregate power, may exist when ACs are controlled by changing the set point temperature. The rebound peak during the recovery period, named lag rebound, may cause significantly higher demand than that prior to the reserve deployment event. The rebound peak during the reserve deployment period, named lead rebound, is rarely considered in previous researches but will constrain the duration time to a short period (e.g., 10 min), which greatly limits the utilization of ACs. This paper proposes an optimal sequential dispatch strategy of ACs to mitigate the lead-lag rebound, and thus realize flexible control of the duration time from minutes to several hours. To quantify the effects of lead-lag rebound, a capacity-time evaluation framework of the operating reserve is developed. On this basis, ACs are grouped to he dispatched in sequence to mitigate the lead-lag rebound. The co-optimization of sequential dispatch on the capacity dimension and time dimension forms a mixed-integer nonlinear bilevel programming problem, in which the consumers' thermal comfort is also guaranteed. Case studies are conducted to validate the proposed strategy.

KeywordAir Conditioning Load Management Dispatching Demand Response Operating Reserve
DOI10.1109/TPWRS.2018.2846270
URLView the original
Indexed BySCIE
Language英語English
WOS Research AreaEngineering
WOS SubjectEngineering, Electrical & Electronic
WOS IDWOS:000447834200102
PublisherIEEE-INST ELECTRICAL ELECTRONICS ENGINEERS INC
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Citation statistics
Cited Times [WOS]:25   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document TypeJournal article
CollectionFaculty of Science and Technology
Affiliation1.Zhejiang Univ, Coll Elect Engn, Hangzhou 310027, Zhejiang, Peoples R China;
2.Elect Reliabil Council Texas, Taylor, TX 76574 USA;
3.Univ Macau, Dept Elect & Comp Engn, Macau 999078, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Cui, Wenqi,Ding, Yi,Hui, Hongxun,et al. Evaluation and Sequential Dispatch of Operating Reserve Provided by Air Conditioners Considering Lead-Lag Rebound Effect[J]. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER SYSTEMS,2018,33(6):6935-6950.
APA Cui, Wenqi,Ding, Yi,Hui, Hongxun,Lin, Zhenzhi,Du, Pengwei,Song, Yonghua,&Shao, Changzheng.(2018).Evaluation and Sequential Dispatch of Operating Reserve Provided by Air Conditioners Considering Lead-Lag Rebound Effect.IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER SYSTEMS,33(6),6935-6950.
MLA Cui, Wenqi,et al."Evaluation and Sequential Dispatch of Operating Reserve Provided by Air Conditioners Considering Lead-Lag Rebound Effect".IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER SYSTEMS 33.6(2018):6935-6950.
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