UM
Grain refinement of AZ31 magnesium alloy by titanium and low-frequency electromagnetic casting
Wang Y.2; Zeng X.2; Ding W.2; Luo A.A.1; Sachdev A.K.1
2007-06-01
Source PublicationMetallurgical and Materials Transactions A: Physical Metallurgy and Materials Science
ISSN10735623
Volume38Issue:6Pages:1358-1366
AbstractThe grain-refinement effects of titanium (Ti) additions and a low-frequency electromagnetic casting (LFEC) process on the AZ31 magnesium alloy have been investigated. It is shown that Ti has no effect on the formation and distribution of secondary phases in the AZ31 alloy. The results suggests that the grain size decreases with an increasing cooling rate for the AZ31 alloy; it decreases first, however, then increases slightly for Ti-containing AZ31 alloys, indicating that the grain-refinement effect of Ti decreases with an increasing cooling rate. However, the grain size decreases first, and then increases with increasing Ti for a given cooling rate. The lowest grain size is obtained at the addition of about 0.01% Ti and the cooling rate of about 6 K/s. The grain refinement effect is explained in terms of the growth restriction factor (GRF) due to the constitutional undercooling generated by the Ti solute elements, which produces grain refinement up to a critical GRF value corresponding to about 0.01% Ti addition. The yield strength of a conventional-cast AZ31 alloy can be improved by grain refinement and expressed as σ = 39.31 + 142.53 d according to the Hall-Petch relationship. The combination of the Ti grain refiner and the LFEC process during direct-chill (DC) casting of an AZ31 alloy can produce high-quality magnesium alloy billets with uniform and equiaxed grains of less than 40 μm across the billet section up to at least a 100-mm diameter, which further improves the yield strength of the alloy, resulting in σ = 51.53 + 90.85 d. © The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society and ASM International 2007.
DOI10.1007/s11661-007-9215-5
URLView the original
Language英語
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Cited Times [WOS]:49   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document TypeJournal article
CollectionUniversity of Macau
Affiliation1.General Motors
2.Shanghai Jiao Tong University
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GB/T 7714
Wang Y.,Zeng X.,Ding W.,et al. Grain refinement of AZ31 magnesium alloy by titanium and low-frequency electromagnetic casting[J]. Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A: Physical Metallurgy and Materials Science,2007,38(6):1358-1366.
APA Wang Y.,Zeng X.,Ding W.,Luo A.A.,&Sachdev A.K..(2007).Grain refinement of AZ31 magnesium alloy by titanium and low-frequency electromagnetic casting.Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A: Physical Metallurgy and Materials Science,38(6),1358-1366.
MLA Wang Y.,et al."Grain refinement of AZ31 magnesium alloy by titanium and low-frequency electromagnetic casting".Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A: Physical Metallurgy and Materials Science 38.6(2007):1358-1366.
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