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Active Chromatin Hub of the Mouse α-Globin Locus Forms in a Transcription Factory of Clustered Housekeeping Genes
Guo-Ling Zhou; Li Xin; Wei Song; Li-Jun Di; Guang Liu; Xue-Song Wu; De-Pei Liu; Chih-Chuan Liang
2006
Source PublicationMOLECULAR AND CELLULAR BIOLOGY
ISSN0270-7306
Volume26Issue:13Pages:5096–5105
Abstract

RNA polymerases can be shared by a particular group of genes in a transcription “factory” in nuclei, where transcription may be coordinated in concert with the distribution of coexpressed genes in higher-eukaryote genomes. Moreover, gene expression can be modulated by regulatory elements working over a long distance. Here, we compared the conformation of a 130-kb chromatin region containing the mouse -globin cluster and their flanking housekeeping genes in 14.5-day-postcoitum fetal liver and brain cells. The analysis of chromatin conformation showed that the active 1 and 2 globin genes and upstream regulatory elements are in close spatial proximity, indicating that looping may function in the transcriptional regulation of the mouse -globin cluster. In fetal liver cells, the active 1 and 2 genes, but not the inactive gene, colocalize with neighboring housekeeping genes C16orf33, C16orf8, MPG, and C16orf35. This is in sharp contrast with the mouse -globin genes in nonexpressing cells, which are separated from the congregated housekeeping genes. A comparison of RNA polymerase II (Pol II) occupancies showed that active 1 and 2 gene promoters have a much higher RNA Pol II enrichment in liver than in brain. The RNA Pol II occupancy at the gene promoter, which is specifically repressed during development, is much lower than that at the 1 and 2 promoters. Thus, the mouse -globin gene cluster may be regulated through moving in or out active globin gene promoters and regulatory elements of a preexisting transcription factory in the nucleus, which is maintained by the flanking clustered housekeeping genes, to activate or inactivate -globin gene expression.

DOIhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1128/MCB.02454-05
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
WOS Research AreaBiochemistry & Molecular Biology ; Cell Biology
WOS SubjectBiochemistry & Molecular Biology ; Cell Biology
WOS IDWOS:000238507800029
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Cited Times [WOS]:85   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document TypeJournal article
CollectionFaculty of Health Sciences
AffiliationNational Laboratory of Medical Molecular Biology, Institute of Basic Medical Sciences, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing 100005, People’s Republic of China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Guo-Ling Zhou,Li Xin,Wei Song,et al. Active Chromatin Hub of the Mouse α-Globin Locus Forms in a Transcription Factory of Clustered Housekeeping Genes[J]. MOLECULAR AND CELLULAR BIOLOGY,2006,26(13):5096–5105.
APA Guo-Ling Zhou.,Li Xin.,Wei Song.,Li-Jun Di.,Guang Liu.,...&Chih-Chuan Liang.(2006).Active Chromatin Hub of the Mouse α-Globin Locus Forms in a Transcription Factory of Clustered Housekeeping Genes.MOLECULAR AND CELLULAR BIOLOGY,26(13),5096–5105.
MLA Guo-Ling Zhou,et al."Active Chromatin Hub of the Mouse α-Globin Locus Forms in a Transcription Factory of Clustered Housekeeping Genes".MOLECULAR AND CELLULAR BIOLOGY 26.13(2006):5096–5105.
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