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Isocryptotanshinone Induced Apoptosis and Activated MAPK Signaling in Human Breast Cancer MCF-7 Cells
Zhang X.; Luo W.; Zhao W.; Lu J.; Chen X.
2015
Source PublicationJournal of Breast Cancer
ISSN17386756
Volume18Issue:2Pages:112-118
Abstract

Purpose: Isocryptotanshinone (ICTS) is a natural bioactive product that is isolated from the roots of the widely used medical herb Salvia miltiorrhiza. However, few reports exist on the mechanisms underlying the therapeutic effects of ICTS. Here, we report that ICTS has anticancer activity and describe the mechanism underlying this effect. Methods: The antiproliferative effect of ICTS was determined using 3-(4,5-dimethyl-2-thiazolyl)-2,5- diphenyl-2-H-tetrazolium bromide (MTT) and clonogenic assays. The effect of ICTS on the cell cycle was measured using flow cytometry. Apoptosis was determined by Hoechst 33342 staining, DNA fragmentation assays, and Western blotting for apoptotic proteins. Finally, the effect of ICTS on mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) was determined by Western blotting. Results: ICTS significantly inhibited proliferation of MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231 human breast cancer cells, HepG2 human liver cancer cells, and A549 human lung cancer cells in vitro. Among the tested cell lines, MCF-7 cells showed the highest sensitivity to ICTS. ICTS significantly inhibited colony formation by MCF-7 cells. Furthermore, exposure of MCF-7 cells to ICTS induced cell cycle arrest at the G1 phase and decreased mitochondrial membrane potential. Hoechst 33342 staining and Western blot analysis for apoptotic proteins suggested that ICTS induced apoptosis in MCF-7 cells. In addition, ICTS activated MAPK signaling in MCF-7 cells by inducing time- and concentration-dependent phosphorylation of JNK, ERK, and p38 MAPK. Conclusion: Our results suggest that ICTS inhibited MCF-7 cell proliferation by inducing apoptosis and activating MAPK signaling pathways.

KeywordApoptosis Breast Neoplasms Isocryptotanshinone Mitogenactivated Protein Kinases
DOI10.4048/jbc.2015.18.2.112
URLView the original
Indexed BySCI
WOS Research AreaOncology
WOS SubjectOncology
WOS IDWOS:000357767200002
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Cited Times [WOS]:10   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document TypeJournal article
CollectionInstitute of Chinese Medical Sciences
AffiliationUniversidade de Macau
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Zhang X.,Luo W.,Zhao W.,et al. Isocryptotanshinone Induced Apoptosis and Activated MAPK Signaling in Human Breast Cancer MCF-7 Cells[J]. Journal of Breast Cancer,2015,18(2):112-118.
APA Zhang X.,Luo W.,Zhao W.,Lu J.,&Chen X..(2015).Isocryptotanshinone Induced Apoptosis and Activated MAPK Signaling in Human Breast Cancer MCF-7 Cells.Journal of Breast Cancer,18(2),112-118.
MLA Zhang X.,et al."Isocryptotanshinone Induced Apoptosis and Activated MAPK Signaling in Human Breast Cancer MCF-7 Cells".Journal of Breast Cancer 18.2(2015):112-118.
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