UM
Quantum Watermarking Scheme Based on INEQR
Zhou, Ri-Gui; Zhou, Yang; Zhu, Changming; Wei, Lai; Zhang, Xiafen; Ian, Hou
2018-04
Source PublicationINTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF THEORETICAL PHYSICS
ISSN0020-7748
Volume57Issue:4Pages:1120-1131
AbstractQuantum watermarking technology protects copyright by embedding invisible quantum signal in quantum multimedia data. In this paper, a watermarking scheme based on INEQR was presented. Firstly, the watermark image is extended to achieve the requirement of embedding carrier image. Secondly, the swap and XOR operation is used on the processed pixels. Since there is only one bit per pixel, XOR operation can achieve the effect of simple encryption. Thirdly, both the watermark image extraction and embedding operations are described, where the key image, swap operation and LSB algorithm are used. When the embedding is made, the binary image key is changed. It means that the watermark has been embedded. Of course, if the watermark image is extracted, the key's state need detected. When key's state is |1 >, this extraction operation is carried out. Finally, for validation of the proposed scheme, both the Signal-to-noise ratio (PSNR) and the security of the scheme are analyzed.
KeywordQuantum watermarking XOR operation Swap operation LSB algorithm
DOI10.1007/s10773-017-3642-x
URLView the original
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
WOS Research AreaPhysics
WOS SubjectPhysics, Multidisciplinary
WOS IDWOS:000427676300017
PublisherSPRINGER/PLENUM PUBLISHERS
The Source to ArticleWOS
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Citation statistics
Cited Times [WOS]:4   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document TypeJournal article
CollectionUniversity of Macau
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Zhou, Ri-Gui,Zhou, Yang,Zhu, Changming,et al. Quantum Watermarking Scheme Based on INEQR[J]. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF THEORETICAL PHYSICS,2018,57(4):1120-1131.
APA Zhou, Ri-Gui,Zhou, Yang,Zhu, Changming,Wei, Lai,Zhang, Xiafen,&Ian, Hou.(2018).Quantum Watermarking Scheme Based on INEQR.INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF THEORETICAL PHYSICS,57(4),1120-1131.
MLA Zhou, Ri-Gui,et al."Quantum Watermarking Scheme Based on INEQR".INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF THEORETICAL PHYSICS 57.4(2018):1120-1131.
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