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Socio-demographic and clinical characteristics of 3129 heroin users in the first methadone maintenance treatment clinic in China
Du W.-J.3; Xiang Y.-T.3; Wang Z.-M.3; Chi Y.3; Zheng Y.3; Luo X.-N.3; Cai Z.-J.3; Ungvari G.S.2; Gerevich J.1
2008-04-01
Source PublicationDrug and Alcohol Dependence
ISSN03768716
Volume94Issue:1-3Pages:158-164
AbstractBackground: This study aimed to determine the characteristics of heroin users in the first methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) clinic in China. Methods: In a retrospective chart review, the notes of 3127 heroin users who received both detoxification and MMT at the clinic were analyzed. Their socio-demographic and clinical data were collected, and the frequency of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), Hepatitis C virus (HCV), and syphilis infections was investigated. Results: The main findings are as follows: (1) 66.5% of the patients were younger than 35 years; (2) 55.1% were married at admission; (3) 32% were non-local residents; (4) the majority had high school level education, a history of smoking and alcohol consumption prior to the initial heroin use, and did not have stable jobs; (5) 28.4% were self-employed; (6) 5.4% of the sample had total hearing loss coupled with loss of speech; (7) 83.4% sniffed heroin or injected it intravenously at the time of admission, but 87.2% had smoked the drug when they first began abusing it; (8) a significant proportion of the patients were infected with HIV, HCV, and syphilis. Conclusions: Some of the above findings are not consistent with the results of previous studies conducted in Western countries and China. The unique socio-cultural and clinical characteristics of heroin abusers in different regions of China should be considered when MMT services are planned. © 2007 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
KeywordChina Heroin HIV Methadone maintenance treatment
DOI10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2007.11.009
URLView the original
Language英語
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Cited Times [WOS]:27   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document TypeJournal article
CollectionFaculty of Health Sciences
Affiliation1.Addiction Research Institute, Budapest
2.Chinese University of Hong Kong
3.Capital Medical University China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Du W.-J.,Xiang Y.-T.,Wang Z.-M.,et al. Socio-demographic and clinical characteristics of 3129 heroin users in the first methadone maintenance treatment clinic in China[J]. Drug and Alcohol Dependence,2008,94(1-3):158-164.
APA Du W.-J..,Xiang Y.-T..,Wang Z.-M..,Chi Y..,Zheng Y..,...&Gerevich J..(2008).Socio-demographic and clinical characteristics of 3129 heroin users in the first methadone maintenance treatment clinic in China.Drug and Alcohol Dependence,94(1-3),158-164.
MLA Du W.-J.,et al."Socio-demographic and clinical characteristics of 3129 heroin users in the first methadone maintenance treatment clinic in China".Drug and Alcohol Dependence 94.1-3(2008):158-164.
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