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Suicide risk in major affective disorder: Results from a national survey in China
Chen L.1; Liu Y.-H.1; Zheng Q.-W.9; Xiang Y.-T.7; Duan Y.-P.1; Yang F.-D.1; Wang G.3; Fang Y.-R.8; Lu Z.14; Yang H.-C.2; Hu J.5; Chen Z.-Y.4; Huang Y.12; Sun J.6; Wang X.-P.13; Li H.-C.10; Zhang J.-B.11; Chen D.-F.9; Si T.-M.1
2014-02-01
Source PublicationJournal of Affective Disorders
ISSN01650327 15732517
Volume155Issue:1Pages:174-179
Abstract

Background This study investigated suicide risk and its correlates among major affective disorder patients in China and examined possible risk factors for future suicide among individuals with major affective disorder to inform appropriate interventions and management approaches to minimize and prevent suicide. Methods A total of 1478 major affective disorder patients were consecutively examined in 13 mental health centers in China. The patients' socio-demographic and clinical characteristics were recorded using a standardized protocol and data collection procedure. DSM-IV diagnoses were established using the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI), and suicide risk was assessed by the suicide risk module of the MINI. Results Of the patients, 963 (65.2%) were in the nonsuicidal risk group and 515 (34.8%) were in the suicidal risk group. Compared to major depressive disorder patients, bipolar disorder patients had higher suicide risk levels (χ2=10.0, df=1, P=0.002); however, there were no statistically significant differences (χ2=2.6, df=1, P=0.1) between bipolar disorder-I and bipolar disorder-II patients. Suicide risk factors were associated with 6 variables in major affective disorder patients, as follows: male gender, unemployed, more frequent depressive episodes (>4 in the past year), depressive episodes with suicidal ideation and attempts, depressive episodes with psychotic symptoms, and no current antidepressant use. Limitations Most of the data were retrospectively collected and, therefore, subject to recall bias. Conclusions This study suggested that bipolar disorder patients have a higher suicide risk than major depressive disorder patients. The factors that were significantly associated with suicide risk may aid in identifying major affective disorder patients who are at risk for future suicidal behavior. © 2013 Elsevier B.V.

KeywordBipolar Disorder Major Affective Disorder Major Depressive Disorder Suicide Risk
DOI10.1016/j.jad.2013.10.046
URLView the original
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
WOS Research AreaNeurosciences & Neurology ; Psychiatry
WOS SubjectClinical Neurology ; Psychiatry
WOS IDWOS:000329574500025
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Cited Times [WOS]:10   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document TypeJournal article
CollectionFaculty of Health Sciences
Affiliation1.Peking University
2.Shenzhen Mental Health Centre
3.Beijing An Ding Hospital, Capital Medical University
4.Hangzhou Seventh People's Hospital
5.Harbin Medical University
6.Nanjing Medical University
7.Chinese University of Hong Kong
8.Shanghai Jiao Tong University
9.Peking University Health Science Center
10.Zhejiang University
11.Sun Yat-Sen University
12.West China Hospital of Sichuan University
13.Second Xiangya Hospital of Central-South University
14.Tongji University
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Chen L.,Liu Y.-H.,Zheng Q.-W.,et al. Suicide risk in major affective disorder: Results from a national survey in China[J]. Journal of Affective Disorders,2014,155(1):174-179.
APA Chen L..,Liu Y.-H..,Zheng Q.-W..,Xiang Y.-T..,Duan Y.-P..,...&Si T.-M..(2014).Suicide risk in major affective disorder: Results from a national survey in China.Journal of Affective Disorders,155(1),174-179.
MLA Chen L.,et al."Suicide risk in major affective disorder: Results from a national survey in China".Journal of Affective Disorders 155.1(2014):174-179.
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