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Poor mental health status and its associations with demographic characteristics and chronic diseases in Chinese elderly
Wang S.3; Li B.3; Ungvari G.S.5; Ng C.H.1; Chiu H.F.K.4; Kou C.3; Liu Y.3; Tao Y.3; Wu Y.3; Fu Y.3; Qi Y.3; Yu Y.3; Xiang Y.-T.6
2016-10-01
Source PublicationSocial Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
ISSN09337954
Volume51Issue:10Pages:1449-1455
Abstract

Objective: Although poor mental health is associated with significant personal and societal burden, it is rarely reported in older Chinese populations. This study examined the mental health status of a large representative sample of Chinese elderly in relation to socio-demographic characteristics, lifestyle, and chronic diseases. Methods: Multistage stratified cluster sampling was used in this cross-sectional study. A total of 4115 people aged between 60 and 79 years were selected and interviewed with standardized assessment tools. The 12-item General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12) was used to measure general mental health with the total score of ≥4 as the threshold for poor mental health status. Results: The adjusted percentage of poor mental health status in the whole sample was 23.8 %; 18.5 % in men and 28.9 % in women. Multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that female gender, widowed/separated marital status, rural abode, low income, poor diet, lack of physical exercise, and multi-morbidity were independently associated with poor mental health. The percentage of poor mental health status was significantly higher in patients with anemia, diabetes, hyperlipidemia, cataract/glaucoma, ischemic heart disease, cerebrovascular diseases, nasopharyngitis, chronic gastroenteritis/peptic ulcer, liver diseases, cholecystitis/gallstone, arthritis, or chronic low back pain. Conclusion: Given the high rate of poor mental health status among older Chinese population, policy makers and health professionals in China should address the mental health burden of its aging population.

KeywordChinese Elderly Chronic Disease Mental Health
DOI10.1007/s00127-016-1271-y
URLView the original
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
WOS Research AreaPsychiatry
WOS SubjectPsychiatry
WOS IDWOS:000385164700010
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Cited Times [WOS]:8   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document TypeJournal article
CollectionFaculty of Health Sciences
Affiliation1.University of Melbourne
2.University of Western Australia
3.Jilin University
4.Chinese University of Hong Kong
5.University of Notre Dame Australia
6.Universidade de Macau
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Wang S.,Li B.,Ungvari G.S.,et al. Poor mental health status and its associations with demographic characteristics and chronic diseases in Chinese elderly[J]. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology,2016,51(10):1449-1455.
APA Wang S..,Li B..,Ungvari G.S..,Ng C.H..,Chiu H.F.K..,...&Xiang Y.-T..(2016).Poor mental health status and its associations with demographic characteristics and chronic diseases in Chinese elderly.Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology,51(10),1449-1455.
MLA Wang S.,et al."Poor mental health status and its associations with demographic characteristics and chronic diseases in Chinese elderly".Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology 51.10(2016):1449-1455.
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