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Production of reactive oxygen species in endothelial cells under different pulsatile shear stresses and glucose concentrations
Chin L.K.2; Yu J.Q.2; Fu Y.2; Yu T.1; Liu A.Q.2; Luo K.Q.1
2011-06-07
Source PublicationLab on a Chip
ISSN14730189 14730197
Volume11Issue:11Pages:1856-1863
Abstract

A hemodynamic Lab-on-a-chip system was developed in this study. This system has two unique features: (1) it consists of a microfluidic network with an array of endothelial cell seeding sites for testing them under multiple conditions, and (2) the flow rate and the frequency of the culture medium in the microchannel are controlled by a pulsation free pump to mimic the flow profile of the blood in the blood vessel under different physiological conditions. The investigated physiological conditions were: (1) the resting condition in a normal shear stress of 15 dyne cm with a normal heart rate of 70 bpm, (2) an exhaustive exercise condition with a high shear stress of 30 dyne cm and a fast heart rate of 140 bpm, and (3) a constant high shear stress of 30 dyne cm. Two chemical conditions were investigated (10 mM and 20 mM glucose) to mimic hyperglycemic conditions in diabetes patients. The effects of various shear stresses either alone or in combination with different glucose concentrations on endothelial cells were examined using the developed hemodynamic Lab-on-a-chip system by assessing two parameters. One is the intracellular level of reactive oxygen species (ROS) determined by a fluorescent probe, HDCFDA. Another is the mitochondrial morphology revealed with a fluorescent dye, MitoTracker Green FM. The results showed that ROS level was elevated nearly 4-fold after 60 min of exhaustive exercise. We found that the pulsatile nature of the fluid was the determination factor for causing ROS generation in the cells as almost no increase of ROS was detected in the constant shear stress condition. Similarly, much higher level of ROS was detected when 10 mM glucose was applied to the cells under normal or high pulsatile shear stresses compared with under a static condition. These results suggest that it is necessary to use pulsatile shear stress to represent the physiological conditions of the blood flow, and demonstrate the advantage of utilizing this newly developed hemodynamic Lab-on-a-chip system over the conventional non-pulsatile system in the future shear stress related studies. © 2011 The Royal Society of Chemistry.

DOI10.1039/c0lc00651c
URLView the original
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
WOS Research AreaBiochemistry & Molecular Biology ; Chemistry ; Science & Technology - Other Topics
WOS SubjectBiochemical Research Methods ; Chemistry, Multidisciplinary ; Chemistry, Analytical ; Nanoscience & Nanotechnology
WOS IDWOS:000290679400003
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Cited Times [WOS]:64   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document TypeJournal article
CollectionFaculty of Health Sciences
Affiliation1.Division of Bioengineering and Biomedical Engineering
2.Nanyang Technological University
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Chin L.K.,Yu J.Q.,Fu Y.,et al. Production of reactive oxygen species in endothelial cells under different pulsatile shear stresses and glucose concentrations[J]. Lab on a Chip,2011,11(11):1856-1863.
APA Chin L.K.,Yu J.Q.,Fu Y.,Yu T.,Liu A.Q.,&Luo K.Q..(2011).Production of reactive oxygen species in endothelial cells under different pulsatile shear stresses and glucose concentrations.Lab on a Chip,11(11),1856-1863.
MLA Chin L.K.,et al."Production of reactive oxygen species in endothelial cells under different pulsatile shear stresses and glucose concentrations".Lab on a Chip 11.11(2011):1856-1863.
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