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A Review of the Botany, Phytochemical, and Pharmacological Properties of Galangal
Yan-Qing Zhou1; HuiLiu1,2; Mu-Xue He1; He Muxue1; Ruibing Wang1; Qing-Qian Zeng3; Ying Wang2; Wen-Cai Ye2; Qing-Wen Zhang1
Source PublicationNatural and Artificial Flavoring Agents and Food Dyes, Handbook of Food Bioengineering
Publication PlaceUnited States
PublisherAcademic Press

Alpinia galanga (L.) Willd. and Alpinia officinarum Hance, commonly known as greater galangal and lesser galangal, respectively, belong to the family of Zingiberaceae (ginger). Due to their spicy flavor and aromatic odors, both of the two rhizomes have long been used as flavoring ingredients and spices in Asia. They also were well-known traditional Chinese medicine and have been widely used as a remedy for gastrointestinal diseases, such as stomachache, dyspepsia, and gastrofrigid vomiting. Previous phytochemical investigations have shown that they have some similar chemical constituents, such as diarylheptanoids, flavonoids, volatile oil, terpenes, phenylpropanoids, and glycosides, but the main chemical components are different. A. galanga is rich in a variety of phenolic compounds and essential oils, whereas A. officinarum is rich in flavonoids and diarylheptanoids. Investigations have shown A. galanga and A. officinarum have many biological activities, including effectiveness as antiinflammatory, antitumor, antiviral, antimicrobial, antioxidant, antiallergic, and gastroprotective agents. This chapter will give an exhaustive review of the botanical properties of these plants. In addition, the phytochemical and pharmacological properties and the adulterant identification of these two plants will also be discussed.

KeywordGalangal Alpinia Galanga Alpinia Officinarum Botanical Description Phytochemical Diarylheptanoid Volatile Oil Pharmacological Activities Qualitative And Quantitative Analysis
Fulltext Access
Document TypeBook chapter
CollectionInstitute of Chinese Medical Sciences
Affiliation1.Institute of Chinese Medical Sciences, University of Macau, Macau, China
2.Institute of Traditional Chinese Medicine and Natural Products, Jinan University, Guangzhou, China
3.Guangdong Research Institute of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Guangzhou, China
First Author AffilicationInstitute of Chinese Medical Sciences
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Yan-Qing Zhou,HuiLiu,Mu-Xue He,et al. A Review of the Botany, Phytochemical, and Pharmacological Properties of Galangal. United States:Academic Press,2018.
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