Living Slow and Being Moral
Zhu, Nan; Hawk, Skyler T.; Chang, Lei
AbstractDrawing from the dual process model of morality and life history theory, the present research examined the role of cognitive and emotional processes as bridges between basic environmental challenges (i.e., unpredictability and competition) and other-centered moral orientation (i.e., prioritizing the welfare of others). In two survey studies, cognitive and emotional processes represented by future-oriented planning and emotional attachment, respectively (Study 1, N = 405), or by perspective taking and empathic concern, respectively (Study 2, N = 424), positively predicted other-centeredness in prosocial moral reasoning (Study 1) and moral judgment dilemmas based on rationality or intuition (Study 2). Cognitive processes were more closely related to rational aspects of other-centeredness, whereas the emotional processes were more closely related to the intuitive aspects of other-centeredness (Study 2). Finally, the cognitive and emotional processes also mediated negative effects of unpredictability (i.e., negative life events and childhood financial insecurity), as well as positive effects of individual-level, contest competition (i.e., educational and occupational competition) on other-centeredness. Overall, these findings support the view that cognitive and emotional processes do not necessarily contradict each other. Rather, they might work in concert to promote other-centeredness in various circumstances and might be attributed to humans' developmental flexibility in the face of environmental challenges.
KeywordAltruism Dualprocessmodel ofmorality Empathy Life historytheory Life history strategy Morality Prosociality Social competition Unpredictability
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Indexed BySSCI
WOS Research AreaAnthropology ; Biomedical Social Sciences
WOS SubjectAnthropology ; Social Sciences, Biomedical
WOS IDWOS:000431925300005
The Source to ArticleWOS
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Cited Times [WOS]:7   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document TypeJournal article
CollectionUniversity of Macau
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GB/T 7714
Zhu, Nan,Hawk, Skyler T.,Chang, Lei. Living Slow and Being Moral[J]. HUMAN NATURE-AN INTERDISCIPLINARY BIOSOCIAL PERSPECTIVE,2018,29(2):186-209.
APA Zhu, Nan,Hawk, Skyler T.,&Chang, Lei.(2018).Living Slow and Being Moral.HUMAN NATURE-AN INTERDISCIPLINARY BIOSOCIAL PERSPECTIVE,29(2),186-209.
MLA Zhu, Nan,et al."Living Slow and Being Moral".HUMAN NATURE-AN INTERDISCIPLINARY BIOSOCIAL PERSPECTIVE 29.2(2018):186-209.
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