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Gα16 interacts with tetratricopeptide repeat 1 (TPR1) through its β3 region to activate Ras independently of phospholipase Cβ signaling
Liu A.M.F.1; Lo R.K.H.1; Guo E.X.1; Ho M.K.C.1; Ye R.D.3; Wong Y.H.1
2011-04-18
Source PublicationBMC Structural Biology
ISSN14726807
Volume11
AbstractBackground: G protein-coupled receptors constitute the largest family of cell surface receptors in the mammalian genome. As the core of the G protein signal transduction machinery, the G subunits are required to interact with multiple partners. The GTP-bound active state of many G subunits can bind a multitude of effectors and regulatory proteins. Yet it remains unclear if the different proteins utilize distinct or common structural motifs on the G subunit for binding. Using G as a model, we asked if its recently discovered adaptor protein tetratricopeptide repeat 1 (TPR1) binds to the same region as its canonical effector, phospholipase C (PLC). Results: We have examined the specificity of G/TPR1 association by testing a series of chimeras between G and G. TPR1 co-immunoprecipitated with G and more tightly with its constitutively active G QL, but not G. Progressive replacement of G sequence with the corresponding residues of G eventually identified a stretch of six amino acids in the 3 region of G which are responsible for TPR1 interaction and the subsequent Ras activation. Insertion of these six residues into G allowed productive TPR1-interaction. Since the 3 region only minimally contributes to interact with PLC, several chimeras exhibited differential abilities to stimulate PLC and Ras. The ability of the chimeras to activate downstream transcription factors such as signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 and nuclear factor B appeared to be associated with PLC signaling. Conclusions: Our results suggest that G can signal through TPR1/Ras and PLC simultaneously and independently. The 3 region of G is essential for interaction with TPR1 and the subsequent activation of Ras, but has relatively minor influence on the PLC interaction. G may utilize different structural domains to bind TPR1 and PLC. © 2011 Liu et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.
DOI10.1186/1472-6807-11-17
URLView the original
Language英語
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被引频次[WOS]:6   [WOS记录]     [WOS相关记录]
Document TypeJournal article
专题University of Macau
Affiliation1.Hong Kong University of Science and Technology
2.Chinese University of Hong Kong
3.University of Illinois College of Medicine
4.The University of Hong Kong
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Liu A.M.F.,Lo R.K.H.,Guo E.X.,et al. Gα16 interacts with tetratricopeptide repeat 1 (TPR1) through its β3 region to activate Ras independently of phospholipase Cβ signaling[J]. BMC Structural Biology,2011,11.
APA Liu A.M.F.,Lo R.K.H.,Guo E.X.,Ho M.K.C.,Ye R.D.,&Wong Y.H..(2011).Gα16 interacts with tetratricopeptide repeat 1 (TPR1) through its β3 region to activate Ras independently of phospholipase Cβ signaling.BMC Structural Biology,11.
MLA Liu A.M.F.,et al."Gα16 interacts with tetratricopeptide repeat 1 (TPR1) through its β3 region to activate Ras independently of phospholipase Cβ signaling".BMC Structural Biology 11(2011).
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