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Functional lipids based on [12]aneN3 and naphthalimide as efficient non-viral gene vectors
Gao Y.-G.1; Alam U.1; Tang Q.1; Shi Y.-D.1; Zhang Y.1; Wang R.2; Lu Z.-L.1
Source PublicationOrganic and Biomolecular Chemistry

Small organic non-viral gene vectors with the structural combinations of (aliphatic chain)-naphthalimide-[12]aneN (11a, b) and naphthalimide-(aliphatic chain)-[12]aneN (12a-c) were synthesized and fully characterized. Agarose gel electrophoresis experiments indicated that the first type of compounds, 11a and 11b, could completely retard DNA at the concentration of 5 μM in the presence of DOPE. Within the second type of compounds, 12c with the decane chain showed a complete retardation of DNA at the concentration of 20 μM, whereas 12a and 12b with the ethyl and hexyl chains could not retard DNA effectively. Dynamic light scattering measurements indicated that compounds 11a, 11b and 12b, 12c condensed DNA into nanoparticles with the size in the range of 60-160 nm. Due to the strong fluorescence of 11a and 11b, the distribution of lipids/DNA complexes and the process of DNA release from the lipids were clearly observed via cellular uptake experiments. On the other hand, the non-fluorescent 12a-c enabled the EB exclusion assay to afford the binding constants of 4.88 × 10 M (12a), 4.18 × 10 M (12b) and 3.39 × 10 M (12c), respectively. The MTT assay revealed that both types of compounds have low cytotoxicity. Non-fluorescent 12c was successfully applied in the eGFP expression experiments in A549 cells and showed stronger green fluorescence emission than that of lipofectamine 2000. Quantitative transfection experiments through the luciferase assay further revealed that compounds 11a, 11b and 12c can act as non-viral gene vectors in different cell lines. Among them, 12c gave the highest transfection efficiency in HeLa cells, which was about 2 times that offered by lipofectamine 2000. This work clearly demonstrated that the right combination of different functional units and long aliphatic linkers will likely promote gene delivery and transfection efficiency.

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Indexed BySCI
WOS Research AreaChemistry
WOS SubjectChemistry, Organic
WOS IDWOS:000379483000025
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Cited Times [WOS]:12   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document TypeJournal article
CollectionInstitute of Chinese Medical Sciences
Affiliation1.Beijing Normal University
2.University of Macau
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GB/T 7714
Gao Y.-G.,Alam U.,Tang Q.,et al. Functional lipids based on [12]aneN3 and naphthalimide as efficient non-viral gene vectors[J]. Organic and Biomolecular Chemistry,2016,14(26):6346-6354.
APA Gao Y.-G..,Alam U..,Tang Q..,Shi Y.-D..,Zhang Y..,...&Lu Z.-L..(2016).Functional lipids based on [12]aneN3 and naphthalimide as efficient non-viral gene vectors.Organic and Biomolecular Chemistry,14(26),6346-6354.
MLA Gao Y.-G.,et al."Functional lipids based on [12]aneN3 and naphthalimide as efficient non-viral gene vectors".Organic and Biomolecular Chemistry 14.26(2016):6346-6354.
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