UM
A cross-sectional examination of response inhibition and working memory on the Stroop task
Duell, Natasha; Icenogle, Grace; Silva, Karol; Chein, Jason; Steinberg, Laurence; Banich, Marie T.; Di Guinta, Laura; Dodge, Kenneth A.; Fanti, Kostas A.; Lansford, Jennifer E.; Oburu, Paul; Pastorelli, Concetta; Skinner, Ann T.; Sorbring, Emma; Tapanya, Sombat; Uribe Tirado, Liliana Maria; Pena Alampay, Liane; Al-Hassan, Suha M.; Takash, Hanan M. S.; Bacchini, Dario; Chang, Lei; Chaudhary, Nandita
2018-07-01
Source PublicationCOGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT
ISSN0885-2014
Volume47Pages:19-31
AbstractThe authors examined the association between working memory and response inhibition on the Stroop task using a cross-sectional, international sample of 5099 individuals (49.3% male) ages 10-30 (M = 17.04 years; SD = 5.9). Response inhibition was measured using a Stroop task that included "equal" and "unequal" blocks, during which the relative frequency of neutral and incongruent trials was manipulated. Competing stimuli in incongruent trials evinced inhibitory functioning, and having a lower proportion of incongruent trials (as in unequal blocks) placed higher demands on working memory. Results for accuracy indicated that age and working memory were independently associated with response inhibition. Age differences in response inhibition followed a curvilinear trajectory, with performance improving into early adulthood. Response inhibition was greatest among individuals with high working memory. For response time, age uniquely predicted response inhibition in unequal blocks. In equal blocks, age differences in response inhibition varied as a function of working memory, with age differences being least pronounced among individuals with high working memory. The implications of considering the association between response inhibition and working memory in the context of development are discussed.
KeywordStroop Working memory Response inhibition Development
DOI10.1016/j.cogdev.2018.02.003
URLView the original
Indexed BySSCI
Language英语
WOS Research AreaPsychology
WOS SubjectPsychology, Developmental ; Psychology, Experimental
WOS IDWOS:000442978400003
PublisherELSEVIER SCIENCE INC
The Source to ArticleWOS
Fulltext Access
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Document TypeJournal article
CollectionUniversity of Macau
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GB/T 7714
Duell, Natasha,Icenogle, Grace,Silva, Karol,et al. A cross-sectional examination of response inhibition and working memory on the Stroop task[J]. COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT,2018,47:19-31.
APA Duell, Natasha.,Icenogle, Grace.,Silva, Karol.,Chein, Jason.,Steinberg, Laurence.,...&Chaudhary, Nandita.(2018).A cross-sectional examination of response inhibition and working memory on the Stroop task.COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT,47,19-31.
MLA Duell, Natasha,et al."A cross-sectional examination of response inhibition and working memory on the Stroop task".COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT 47(2018):19-31.
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