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The effects of nonce words, frequency, contextual richness, and L2 vocabulary knowledge on the incidental acquisition of vocabulary through reading: More than a replication of Zahar et al. (2001) & Tekmen and Daloǧlu (2006)
Barry Lee Reynolds
2020-03-01
Source PublicationIRAL - International Review of Applied Linguistics in Language Teaching
ISSN0019-042X
Volume58Issue:1Pages:75-102
Abstract

Researchers investigating the incidental acquisition of vocabulary through reading must select either real or nonce words as targets. To determine whether this decision affects acquisition, English as a foreign language classes (English experimental n=80; nonce experimental n=89) were given a 2,381-token short story containing either 26 target English or nonce words. Analysis of the gain scores on an unexpected meaning recognition assessment for the two experimental and two control groups (English control n=73; nonce control n=114) found a statistically significant difference in acquisition. The large effect size found indicates the choice to use nonce targets has a clear effect on acquisition outcomes. Additional analysis also indicated the contextual richness of the words surrounding targets was subordinate to frequency of exposure in terms of encouraging incidental acquisition. Furthermore, learners' L2 vocabulary size had only a negligible effect on acquisition outcomes. Further analyses, implications, and consequences in regard to research practices are discussed.

KeywordContextual Richness Frequency Incidental Vocabulary Acquisition L2 Vocabulary Knowledge Nonce Words
DOI10.1515/iral-2015-0115
URLView the original
Indexed BySSCI
Language英語English
WOS Research AreaEducation & Educational Research ; Linguistics
WOS SubjectEducation & Educational Research ; Linguistics ; Language & Linguistics
WOS IDWOS:000519535100005
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Cited Times [WOS]:3   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document TypeJournal article
CollectionFaculty of Education
Corresponding AuthorBarry Lee Reynolds
AffiliationFaculty of Education,University of Macau,Taipa,Macao
First Author AffilicationFaculty of Education
Corresponding Author AffilicationFaculty of Education
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Barry Lee Reynolds. The effects of nonce words, frequency, contextual richness, and L2 vocabulary knowledge on the incidental acquisition of vocabulary through reading: More than a replication of Zahar et al. (2001) & Tekmen and Daloǧlu (2006)[J]. IRAL - International Review of Applied Linguistics in Language Teaching,2020,58(1):75-102.
APA Barry Lee Reynolds.(2020).The effects of nonce words, frequency, contextual richness, and L2 vocabulary knowledge on the incidental acquisition of vocabulary through reading: More than a replication of Zahar et al. (2001) & Tekmen and Daloǧlu (2006).IRAL - International Review of Applied Linguistics in Language Teaching,58(1),75-102.
MLA Barry Lee Reynolds."The effects of nonce words, frequency, contextual richness, and L2 vocabulary knowledge on the incidental acquisition of vocabulary through reading: More than a replication of Zahar et al. (2001) & Tekmen and Daloǧlu (2006)".IRAL - International Review of Applied Linguistics in Language Teaching 58.1(2020):75-102.
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