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The effects of tai chi on markers of atherosclerosis, lower-limb physical function, and cognitive ability in adults aged over 60: A randomized controlled trial
Zhou,Shengwen1; Zhang,Yanjie2; Kong,Zhaowei3; Loprinzi,Paul D.4; Hu,Yang5; Ye,Jiajie6; Liu,Shijie7; Yu,Jane Jie8; Zou,Liye9
2019-03-01
Source PublicationInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
ISSN1661-7827
Volume16Issue:5
Abstract

Objective: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of Tai Chi (TC) on arterial stiffness, physical function of lower-limb, and cognitive ability in adults aged over 60. Methods: This study was a prospective and randomized 12-week intervention trial with three repeated measurements (baseline, 6, and 12 weeks). Sixty healthy adults who met the inclusion criteria were randomly allocated into three training conditions (TC-24, TC-42, and TC-56) matched by gender, with 20 participants (10 males, 10 females) in each of the three groups. We measured the following health outcomes, including markers of atherosclerosis, physical function (leg power, and static and dynamic balance) of lower-limb, and cognitive ability. Results: When all three TC groups (p < 0.05) have showed significant improvements on these outcomes but overall cognitive ability at 6 or 12 weeks training period, TC-56 appears to have superior effects on arterial stiffness and static/dynamic balance in the present study. Conclusions: Study results of the present study add to growing body of evidence regarding therapeutic TC for health promotion and disease prevention in aging population. Future studies should further determine whether TC-42 and TC-56 are beneficial for other non-Chinese populations, with rigorous research design and follow-up assessment.

KeywordAging Arterial Stiffness Balance Cognition Mind-body Exercise Tai Chi
DOI10.3390/ijerph16050753
URLView the original
Indexed BySCI
Language英語English
WOS Research AreaEnvironmental Sciences & Ecology ; Public ; Environmental & Occupational Health
WOS SubjectEnvironmental Sciences ; Public, Environmental & Occupational Health
WOS IDWOS:000462664200078
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Cited Times [WOS]:11   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document TypeJournal article
CollectionFaculty of Education
Corresponding AuthorYu,Jane Jie; Zou,Liye
Affiliation1.Department of Chinese Martial Arts, College of Sport Science, Hunan University of Science and Technology, Yongzhou 425100, China
2.Health and Exercise Science Laboratory, Institute of Sports Science, Seoul National University, Seuoul 08826, South Korea
3.Faculty of Education, University of Macau, Macao, China
4.Department of Health, Exercise Science and Recreation Management School of Applied Sciences, The University of Mississippi, Oxford 36877, United States
5.Sports Science Research Center, Beijing Sport University, Beijing 100084, China
6.Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University,Hunghom, Hong Kong, China
7.Department of Physical Education, Wuhan University of Technology, Wuhan 430070, China
8.Sports and Exercise Psychology Laboratory, Department of Sports, Science and Physical Education, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, Hong Kong, China
9.Lifestyle (Mind-Body Movement) Research Center, College of Sports Science, Shenzhen University,Shenzhen 518060, China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Zhou,Shengwen,Zhang,Yanjie,Kong,Zhaowei,et al. The effects of tai chi on markers of atherosclerosis, lower-limb physical function, and cognitive ability in adults aged over 60: A randomized controlled trial[J]. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health,2019,16(5).
APA Zhou,Shengwen.,Zhang,Yanjie.,Kong,Zhaowei.,Loprinzi,Paul D..,Hu,Yang.,...&Zou,Liye.(2019).The effects of tai chi on markers of atherosclerosis, lower-limb physical function, and cognitive ability in adults aged over 60: A randomized controlled trial.International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health,16(5).
MLA Zhou,Shengwen,et al."The effects of tai chi on markers of atherosclerosis, lower-limb physical function, and cognitive ability in adults aged over 60: A randomized controlled trial".International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 16.5(2019).
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