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High-intensity interval exercise lowers postprandial glucose concentrations more in obese adults than lean adults
Kong,Zhaowei1; Shi,Qingde2; Sun,Shengyan1,3; Tong,Tomas K.4; Zhang,Haifeng5; Nie,Jinlei2
2019-12
Source PublicationPrimary Care Diabetes
ISSN1751-9918
Volume13Issue:6Pages:568-573
Abstract

Aims: To compare postprandial glucose responses to high-intensity interval exercise (HIE) between obese and lean individuals. Methods: Thirty healthy young adult males (15 obese, 15 lean) ate a standardised meal, then performed HIE (4 × 30-s Wingate cycling/4-min rest) or a no-exercise control trial (CON). Blood glucose was measured preprandially and up to 150 min postprandially. Results: Compared to CON, HIE reduced postprandial glucose concentrations at 120–150 min in obese (p < 0.001) and lean men (p < 0.05), with greater reductions in obese than lean subjects at 120 (−27.0% vs. −8.3%), 135 (−31.9% vs. −15.7%), and 150 min (−21.8% vs. −10.6%). The total glucose area under the curve (AUC) for the testing period was lower with HIE than CON among obese men (p < 0.05), but not lean men (p > 0.05). We found moderate correlations between body mass and postprandial glucose changes (r = 0.39–0.44, p < 0.05), and between glucose AUC and body mass and fat free mass (r = 0.39–0.48, p < 0.05). Conclusions: Our findings suggest that HIE may act as a time-efficient lifestyle intervention strategy for improving obesity-related diabetes risk factors, and might play a role in primary diabetes prevention for the healthy but sedentary population.

KeywordFat-free Mass Glycaemic Control Obesity Sprint Exercise Wingate Test
DOI10.1016/j.pcd.2019.04.003
URLView the original
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
WOS Research AreaEndocrinology & Metabolism ; General & Internal Medicine
WOS SubjectEndocrinology & Metabolism ; Primary Health Care
WOS IDWOS:000501649900011
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Cited Times [WOS]:1   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document TypeJournal article
CollectionFaculty of Education
Corresponding AuthorShi,Qingde
Affiliation1.Faculty of Education, University of Macau, Macao, China
2.School of Physical Education and Sports, Macao Polytechnic Institute, Macao, China
3.Institute of Physical Education, Huzhou University, Huzhou, China
4.Dr. Stephen Hui Research Centre for Physical Recreation and Wellness, Department of Physical Education, Hong Kong Baptist University, Hong Kong, China
5.College of Physical Education, Hebei Normal University, Shijiazhuang, China
First Author AffilicationFaculty of Education
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Kong,Zhaowei,Shi,Qingde,Sun,Shengyan,et al. High-intensity interval exercise lowers postprandial glucose concentrations more in obese adults than lean adults[J]. Primary Care Diabetes,2019,13(6):568-573.
APA Kong,Zhaowei,Shi,Qingde,Sun,Shengyan,Tong,Tomas K.,Zhang,Haifeng,&Nie,Jinlei.(2019).High-intensity interval exercise lowers postprandial glucose concentrations more in obese adults than lean adults.Primary Care Diabetes,13(6),568-573.
MLA Kong,Zhaowei,et al."High-intensity interval exercise lowers postprandial glucose concentrations more in obese adults than lean adults".Primary Care Diabetes 13.6(2019):568-573.
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