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Short-Term Ketogenic Diet Improves Abdominal Obesity in Overweight/Obese Chinese Young Females
Kong,Zhaowei1; Sun,Shengyan2; Shi,Qingde3; Zhang,Haifeng4; Tong,Tomas K.5; Nie,Jinlei3
2020-07-28
Source PublicationFrontiers in Physiology
Volume11
AbstractThe purpose of this study was to examine the effects of a short-term ketogenic diet (KD) on body composition and cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) in overweight/obese Chinese females. Twenty young females [age: 21.0 ± 3.7 years, weight: 65.5 ± 7.7 kg, body mass index (BMI): 24.9 ± 2.7 kg⋅m] consumed 4 weeks of a normal diet (ND) as a baseline and then switched to a low-carbohydrate, high-fat, and adequate protein KD for another 4 weeks. With the same daily caloric intake, the proportions of energy intake derived from carbohydrates, proteins, and fats were changed from 44.0 ± 7.6%, 15.4 ± 3.3%, 39.6 ± 5.8% in ND to 9.2 ± 4.8%, 21.9 ± 3.4%, and 69.0 ± 5.4% in KD. The results showed that, without impairing the CRF level, the 4-week KD intervention significantly reduced body weight (−2.9 kg), BMI (−1.1 kg⋅m), waist circumference (−4.0 cm), hip circumference (−2.5 cm), and body fat percentage (−2.0%). Moreover, fasting leptin level was lowered significantly, and serum levels of inflammatory markers (i.e., TNF-α and MCP-1) were unchanged following KD. These findings suggest that KD can be used as a rapid and effective approach to lose weight and reduce abdominal adiposity in overweight/obese Chinese females without exacerbating their CRF.
Keywordcardiorespiratory fitness leptin low-carbohydrate subcutaneous fat weight loss
DOI10.3389/fphys.2020.00856
URLView the original
Language英语
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Document TypeJournal article
CollectionUniversity of Macau
Corresponding AuthorSun,Shengyan
Affiliation1.Faculty of Education,University of Macau,Macao
2.Institute of Physical Education,Huzhou University,Huzhou,China
3.School of Health Sciences and Sports,Macao Polytechnic Institute,Macao
4.College of Physical Education,Hebei Normal University,Shijiazhuang,China
5.Department of Physical Education,Hong Kong Baptist University,Hong Kong
First Author AffilicationFaculty of Education
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Kong,Zhaowei,Sun,Shengyan,Shi,Qingde,et al. Short-Term Ketogenic Diet Improves Abdominal Obesity in Overweight/Obese Chinese Young Females[J]. Frontiers in Physiology,2020,11.
APA Kong,Zhaowei,Sun,Shengyan,Shi,Qingde,Zhang,Haifeng,Tong,Tomas K.,&Nie,Jinlei.(2020).Short-Term Ketogenic Diet Improves Abdominal Obesity in Overweight/Obese Chinese Young Females.Frontiers in Physiology,11.
MLA Kong,Zhaowei,et al."Short-Term Ketogenic Diet Improves Abdominal Obesity in Overweight/Obese Chinese Young Females".Frontiers in Physiology 11(2020).
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