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Modulating Excitonic Recombination Effects through One-Step Synthesis of Perovskite Nanoparticles for Light-Emitting Diodes
Kulkarni, Sneha A.1; Muduli, Subas1; Xing, Guichuan2; Yantara, Natalia1; Li, Mingjie3; Chen, Shi3; Sum, Tze Chien3; Mathews, Nripan1,4; White, Tim J.4; Mhaisalkar, Subodh G.1,4
Conference NameSymposium on Halide Perovskites for Optoelectronics Applications as part of the International Conference on Materials for Advanced Technologies (ICMAT)
Source PublicationChemSusChem
Conference Date2017
Conference PlaceSingapore
Publication PlacePOSTFACH 101161, 69451 WEINHEIM, GERMANY
Other Abstract

The primary advantages of halide perovskites for light-emitting diodes (LEDs) are solution processability, direct band gap, good charge-carrier diffusion lengths, low trap density, and reasonable carrier mobility. The luminescence in 3D halide perovskite thin films originates from free electron-hole bimolecular recombination. However, the slow bimolecular recombination rate is a fundamental performance limitation. Perovskite nanoparticles could result in improved performance but processability and cumbersome synthetic procedures remain challenges. Herein, these constraints are overcome by tailoring the 3D perovskite as a near monodisperse nanoparticle film prepared through a one-step in situ deposition method. Replacing methyl ammonium bromide (CH3NH3Br, MABr) partially by octyl ammonium bromide [CH3(CH2)(7)NH3Br, OABr] in defined mole ratios in the perovskite precursor proved crucial for the nanoparticle formation. Films consisting of the in situ formed nanoparticles displayed signatures associated with excitonic recombination, rather than that of bimolecular recombination associated with 3D perovskites. This transition was accompanied by enhanced photoluminescence quantum yield (PLQY approximate to 20.5% vs. 3.40 %). Perovskite LEDs fabricated from the nanoparticle films exhibit a one order of magnitude improvement in current efficiency and doubling in luminance efficiency. The material processing systematics derived from this study provides the means to control perovskite morphologies through the selection and mixing of appropriate additives.

KeywordExciton Formation Light Emitting Diodes Methyl Ammonium Lead Bromide Nanoparticles Perovskites
URLView the original
Indexed BySCI ; CPCI
WOS Research AreaChemistry ; Science & Technology - Other Topics
WOS SubjectChemistry, Multidisciplinary ; Green & Sustainable Science & Technology
WOS IDWOS:000428425000018
The Source to ArticleWOS
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Cited Times [WOS]:12   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document TypeConference paper
Affiliation1.Energy Research Institute at, Nanyang Technological University (ERI@N), Research Techno Plaza, X-Frontier Bloc Level 5, 50 Nanyang Drive, Singapore, 637553 Singapore
2.Institute of Applied Physics and Materials Engineering, University of Macau, Avenida da Universidade, Taipa, Macau, P. R. China
3.Division of Physics and Applied Physics, School of Physical and Mathematical Sciences, Nanyang Technological University, 21 Nanyang Link, Singapore, 637371 Singapore
4.School of Materials Science and Engineering, Nanyang Technological University, Nanyang Avenue, Singapore, 639798 Singapore
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Kulkarni, Sneha A.,Muduli, Subas,Xing, Guichuan,et al. Modulating Excitonic Recombination Effects through One-Step Synthesis of Perovskite Nanoparticles for Light-Emitting Diodes[C]. POSTFACH 101161, 69451 WEINHEIM, GERMANY:WILEY-V C H VERLAG GMBH,2017:3818-3824.
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