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The impact of culture on acceptance of soft drugs across Europe
Liqun Cao1; Ruohui Zhao2
Source PublicationJournal of Criminal Justice

Purpose:This paper applies Welzel and Inglehart's new human development/modernization theory toexplain variation of tolerance in soft drug taking. It hypothesizes that tolerance of illegal drugs is linked tothe human development and strength of a general cultural axis of nations: survivalism vs. self-expressionism.

Methods:Data are from the fourth wave of the World Values Surveys and from the United Nations’HumanDevelopment Report2001. Using Hierarchical Generalized Linear Regression (HGLM), this study examinesvariation of tolerance in soft drugs in 30 European nations with 38,719 respondents.

Results:Results support the hypothesis that residents from nations with higher levels of human developmentand with higher self-expressionist scores are more tolerant of soft drug use than residents in nations withlower human development levels and lower self-expressionist scores.

Conclusions:Ourfindings point to the troublesome relationship between cosmopolitan culture characteristicof liberal democracy and soft drug tolerance. As liberal democracy empowers ordinary people with civil andpolitical rights, it also nurtures the growth of human freedom, making it evident in the mass liberty aspira-tion of self-expressionism and self-management.

Indexed BySSCI
WOS Research AreaCriminology & Penology
WOS SubjectCriminology & Penology
WOS IDWOS:000306452400004
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Cited Times [WOS]:6   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document TypeJournal article
Corresponding AuthorLiqun Cao
Affiliation1.University of Ontario Institute of Technology
2.University of Macau
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Liqun Cao,Ruohui Zhao. The impact of culture on acceptance of soft drugs across Europe[J]. Journal of Criminal Justice,2012,40(4):296-305.
APA Liqun Cao,&Ruohui Zhao.(2012).The impact of culture on acceptance of soft drugs across Europe.Journal of Criminal Justice,40(4),296-305.
MLA Liqun Cao,et al."The impact of culture on acceptance of soft drugs across Europe".Journal of Criminal Justice 40.4(2012):296-305.
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