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Living Slow and Being Moral Life: History Predicts the Dual Process of Other-Centered Reasoning and Judgments
Nan Zhu1; Skyler T. Hawk1; Lei Chang2
2018
Source PublicationHuman Nature
ISSN1045-6767
Volume29Issue:2Pages:186-209
Abstract

Drawing from the dual process model of morality and life history theory, the present research examined the role of cognitive and emotional processes as bridges between basic environmental challenges (i.e., unpredictability and competition) and other-centered moral orientation (i.e., prioritizing the welfare of others). In two survey studies, cognitive and emotional processes represented by future-oriented planning and emotional attachment, respectively (Study 1, N= 405), or by perspective taking and empathic concern, respectively (Study 2, N = 424), positively predicted other-centeredness in prosocial moral reasoning (Study 1) and moral judgment dilemmas based on rationality or intuition (Study 2). Cognitive processes were more closely related to rational aspects of other-centeredness, whereas the emotional processes were more closely related to the intuitive aspects of other-centeredness (Study 2). Finally, the cognitive and emotional processes also mediated negative effects of unpredictability (i.e., negative life events and childhood financial insecurity), as well as positive effects of individual-level, contest competition (i.e., educational and occupational competition) on other-centeredness. Overall, these findings support the view that cognitive and emotional processes do not necessarily contradict each other. Rather, they might work in concert to promote other-centeredness in various circumstances and might be attributed to humans’ developmental flexibility in the face of environmental challenges.

KeywordAltruism Life History Strategy Morality Prosociality Social Competition Unpredictability Dual Process Model Of Morality Empathy Life Historytheory
DOI10.1007/s12110-018-9313-7
Indexed BySSCI
Language英语
WOS Research AreaAnthropology ; Biomedical Social Sciences
WOS SubjectAnthropology ; Social Sciences, Biomedical
WOS IDWOS:000431925300005
PublisherSPRINGER, 233 SPRING ST, NEW YORK, NY 10013 USA
Fulltext Access
Citation statistics
Cited Times [WOS]:7   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document TypeJournal article
CollectionFaculty of Social Sciences
DEPARTMENT OF PSYCHOLOGY
Corresponding AuthorLei Chang
Affiliation1.Chinese University of Hong Kong
2.University of Macau
Corresponding Author AffilicationUniversity of Macau
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Nan Zhu,Skyler T. Hawk,Lei Chang. Living Slow and Being Moral Life: History Predicts the Dual Process of Other-Centered Reasoning and Judgments[J]. Human Nature,2018,29(2):186-209.
APA Nan Zhu,Skyler T. Hawk,&Lei Chang.(2018).Living Slow and Being Moral Life: History Predicts the Dual Process of Other-Centered Reasoning and Judgments.Human Nature,29(2),186-209.
MLA Nan Zhu,et al."Living Slow and Being Moral Life: History Predicts the Dual Process of Other-Centered Reasoning and Judgments".Human Nature 29.2(2018):186-209.
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