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Pattern of Similarities/ Differences in Time Orientation and Advertising Attitudes: A Cross-Cultural Comparison of Georgian and Macau Consumers
Kaynak, E1; Kara, A2; Chow, C.S.F3; Apil, A.R4
2013
Source PublicationAsia Pacific Journal of Marketing and Logistics
ISSN1355-5855
Volume25Issue:4Pages:631-654
Abstract

Purpose

The empirical, cross-national study reported here examines how time orientations influence attitudes toward advertising in two emerging Asian economies with very different background and time orientation, namely Macau and Georgia. The paper aims to discuss these issues.

Design/methodology/approach

Questionnaire was used as an instrument to conduct a survey for the study. The questionnaire design was adapted from Rojas-Méndez et al. study. The two samples were collected through either a drop-off-and-pick-up method or street-intercept interview.

Findings

Georgians are found to be more past oriented and had had more suspicious feelings about advertising whereas Macau data indicated more future-orientation was the most dominant dimensions and they had better dispositions towards advertising.

Practical implications

With the findings, managers of different time orientation markets can consider one more factor to strike for the optimal balance in placing their promotional budget between pull and push strategy, and between above-the-line and below-the-line activities when executing the pull strategy.

Social implications

Government of different time orientation can be more informed of the effectiveness of using advertising to communicate with its citizens in its culture.

Originality/value

Studies on how time orientation relates to attitudes toward advertising are few and such relationship appears to be never compared within two Asian countries with very different background and time orientation.

KeywordInternational Advertising Consumer Behaviour Cultural Values Customer Orientation Advertising
DOIhttps://doi.org/10.1108/APJML-09-2012-0087
Language英语
Fulltext Access
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Document TypeJournal article
CollectionFaculty of Business Administration
DEPARTMENT OF MANAGEMENT AND MARKETING
Affiliation1.School of Business Administration, Pennsylvania State University, Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, USA
2.College of Business Administration, Pennsylvania State University, York, Pennsylvania, USA
3.Faculty of Business Administration, University of Macau, Tapia, Macau
4.Faculty of Business Management, International Black Sea University, Tbilisi, Georgia
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Kaynak, E,Kara, A,Chow, C.S.F,et al. Pattern of Similarities/ Differences in Time Orientation and Advertising Attitudes: A Cross-Cultural Comparison of Georgian and Macau Consumers[J]. Asia Pacific Journal of Marketing and Logistics,2013,25(4):631-654.
APA Kaynak, E,Kara, A,Chow, C.S.F,&Apil, A.R.(2013).Pattern of Similarities/ Differences in Time Orientation and Advertising Attitudes: A Cross-Cultural Comparison of Georgian and Macau Consumers.Asia Pacific Journal of Marketing and Logistics,25(4),631-654.
MLA Kaynak, E,et al."Pattern of Similarities/ Differences in Time Orientation and Advertising Attitudes: A Cross-Cultural Comparison of Georgian and Macau Consumers".Asia Pacific Journal of Marketing and Logistics 25.4(2013):631-654.
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