Predicting psychological maladjustment by self-esteem and self-concept clarity
Wu,Joseph1,2,3; Cheung,Hoi Yan1,2,3; Tao,Jun1,2,3
Source PublicationAdvances in Psychology Research
AbstractAims: Research on self-esteem has a long history within different areas of the social sciences. Using the keyword self-esteem. as the identifier, several thousands of publications written on this subject can be retrieved using commonlyknown electronic databases such as Psyc INFO and ERIC. Within these voluminous studies, a line of thought is that acquiringhigh self-esteem is beneficial to psychological wellbeing a or adjustment. However, this belief has been challengedby researchers in recent studies. After conducting a meta-analytic study, Baumeister and colleagues (2003) concluded thatevidence to support this assumption was not as persuasive as it was assumed to be. They pinpointed that high self-esteem.could be a collective term for those who felt good. about themselves but with very different characteristics.They suggested that examining constructs in the vicinity of self-esteem would enable us to have a better understanding about the relationshipbetween self-esteem and psychological wellbeing adjustment. This infuses energy to open a new area ofresearchon this old topic. According to a widely accepted model of self-conception as proposed by Shavelson, Hubner and Stanton (1976), twodistinguishable aspects of self-conception can be identified: content and structure. Thecontent component refers to an individuals conceptions of who or what he or she is (knowledge sub-component)and feelings towards oneself (evaluative sub-component), while the structural component refers to the organization and hierarchical ordering of thedomain specific self-beliefs and or selfviews (Campbell, Trapnell, Heine,Katz, Lavallee, & Lehman., 1996). Self-esteem isa construct tappingself-content whereas self-concept clarityis a measure of self-structure. Self-concept clarity, defined as xtheextent to which the contents of an individuals selfconcept are clearly and confidently defined, internally consistent,andtemporally stable.(Campbell et al., 1996, p.141), is a self-related construct that has been receiving considerable attention from researchers since its introduction. In recent years, there has been a new line of research examining how self-esteemand self-concept clarity interplay to frame ones psychological wellbeing (Lee-Flynn, Pomaki, DeLongis, Biesanz, & Puterman, 2011). The present study was an attempt to work along this new line of research witha sample of universit students from mainland China. Method: A questionnaire composed of three scales: the Chinese Adolescent Self- Esteem Scales (Cheng, 2005) as measure of self-content, a Chinese version of the Self-ConceptClarity Scale (Campbell et al., 1996)as a measure of self-structure, and a Chinese version of the 21-item Depression-Anxiety-Stress Scale (Lovibond & Lovibond, 1995) as a measure of psychological maladjustment.
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Document TypeBook chapter
CollectionUniversity of Macau
Corresponding AuthorWu,Joseph
Affiliation1.Department of Applied Social Sciences,City University of Hong Kong,,Hong Kong
2.Faculty of Education,University of Macau,,Macao
3.Department of Psychology,Harbin University,,China
First Author AffilicationFaculty of Education
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Wu,Joseph,Cheung,Hoi Yan,Tao,Jun. Predicting psychological maladjustment by self-esteem and self-concept clarity,2015:103-114.
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