UM
Tai chi as an alternative exercise to improve physical fitness for children and adolescents with intellectual disability
Kong,Zhaowei1; Sze,Tat Ming1; Yu,Jane Jie2; Loprinzi,Paul D.3; Xiao,Tao4; Yeung,Albert S.5; Li,Chunxiao6; Zhang,Hua1; Zou,Liye7
2019-04-01
Source PublicationInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
ISSN16604601 16617827
Volume16Issue:7
AbstractObjective: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of Tai Chi (TC) on anthropometric parameters and physical fitness among children and adolescents with intellectual disabilities (ID). Methods: Sixty-six Chinese individuals engaged in sport-related extracurricular activities (TC and aerobic exercise (AE)) as exercise interventions or arts/crafts activities as a control condition (CON). The experimental protocol consisted of a baseline assessment, a 12-week intervention period, and a post-intervention assessment. Results: Significant interaction effect was only observed in the performance of a 6-min walk test. After 12 weeks of intervention, the AE group had significant changes in body mass index (p = 0.006, d = 0.11), sit-ups (p = 0.030 and d = 0.57), and 6-min walk test (p = 0.005, d = 0.89). Significant increases in vertical jump (p = 0.048, d = 0.41), lower-limb coordination (p = 0.008, d = 0.53), and upper-limb coordination (p = 0.048, d = 0.36) were observed in the TC group. Furthermore, the TC group demonstrated significantly greater improvements on balance compared to the control group (p = 0.011). Conclusions: TC may improve leg power and coordination of both lower and upper limbs, while AE may be beneficial for body mass index, sit-ups and cardiorespiratory fitness.
KeywordAerobic exercise Balance BMI Coordination Developmental disability Flexibility Mind-body movement
DOI10.3390/ijerph16071152
URLView the original
Language英语
Fulltext Access
Citation statistics
Cited Times [WOS]:2   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document TypeJournal article
CollectionUniversity of Macau
Corresponding AuthorZou,Liye
Affiliation1.Faculty of Education,University of Macau,,Macao
2.Department of Sports Science and Physical Education,Chinese University of Hong Kong,,Shatin,Hong Kong
3.Department of Health,Exercise Science and Recreation Management,The University of Mississippi,,University,38677,United States
4.College of Mathematics and Statistics,Shenzhen University,,Shenzhen,518060,China
5.Massachusetts General Hospital,Harvard Medical School,,Boston,02115,United States
6.Physical Education and Sports Science Academic Group,National Institute of Education,Nanyang Technological University,,Singapore,637616,Singapore
7.Lifestyle (Mind-Body Movement) Research Center,College of Sports Science,Shenzhen University,,Shenzhen,518060,China
First Author AffilicationFaculty of Education
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Kong,Zhaowei,Sze,Tat Ming,Yu,Jane Jie,et al. Tai chi as an alternative exercise to improve physical fitness for children and adolescents with intellectual disability[J]. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health,2019,16(7).
APA Kong,Zhaowei.,Sze,Tat Ming.,Yu,Jane Jie.,Loprinzi,Paul D..,Xiao,Tao.,...&Zou,Liye.(2019).Tai chi as an alternative exercise to improve physical fitness for children and adolescents with intellectual disability.International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health,16(7).
MLA Kong,Zhaowei,et al."Tai chi as an alternative exercise to improve physical fitness for children and adolescents with intellectual disability".International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 16.7(2019).
Related Services
Recommend this item
Bookmark
Usage statistics
Export to Endnote
Google Scholar
Similar articles in Google Scholar
[Kong,Zhaowei]'s Articles
[Sze,Tat Ming]'s Articles
[Yu,Jane Jie]'s Articles
Baidu academic
Similar articles in Baidu academic
[Kong,Zhaowei]'s Articles
[Sze,Tat Ming]'s Articles
[Yu,Jane Jie]'s Articles
Bing Scholar
Similar articles in Bing Scholar
[Kong,Zhaowei]'s Articles
[Sze,Tat Ming]'s Articles
[Yu,Jane Jie]'s Articles
Terms of Use
No data!
Social Bookmark/Share
All comments (0)
No comment.
 

Items in the repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.