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What studying problems are faced by the adolescent grade repeaters in Macao: uncovering underlying mechanisms based on evidences from the PISA 2012 Study
Sit,Pou seong1; Cheung,Kwok cheung1; Cheong,Wai cheong1; Mak,Soi kei1; Soh,Kay cheng2; Ieong,Man kai1
2015-09-13
Source PublicationAsia Pacific Education Review
ISSN1876407X 15981037
Volume16Issue:3Pages:367-377
AbstractMost schools in Macao are private schools, and there is a variety of grade repetition policy practiced in the 45 secondary schools. The policies are translated into school-based accountability of some kind of minimum competency standards. The objective of this study is to uncover the mediation mechanisms accounting for the influences of grade repetition on student performance. Three mechanisms are postulated to explain the performance of the adolescent grade repeaters: (1) insufficient opportunity to learn, (2) inadequate self-regulation of students, and (3) inappropriate teacher guidance and management. Based on the Programme for International Student Assessment 2012 Study, the three identified mechanisms (involving eight mediation variables) together explain 0.7 grade level worth of schooling. The implication is that unless remedial programs and courses of action for the grade repeaters can be shown empirically to be effective, it is not a good idea for Macao schools to maintain their grade repetition policies without teachers’ proper guidance and instruction.
KeywordGrade repetition Macao Mathematics literacy performance Mediation analysis PISA
DOI10.1007/s12564-015-9388-3
URLView the original
Language英语
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Document TypeJournal article
CollectionUniversity of Macau
Affiliation1.University of Macau,,Macao,Macao
2.Singapore Centre for Chinese Language,Nanyang Technological University,,Singapore,Singapore
First Author AffilicationUniversity of Macau
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Sit,Pou seong,Cheung,Kwok cheung,Cheong,Wai cheong,et al. What studying problems are faced by the adolescent grade repeaters in Macao: uncovering underlying mechanisms based on evidences from the PISA 2012 Study[J]. Asia Pacific Education Review,2015,16(3):367-377.
APA Sit,Pou seong,Cheung,Kwok cheung,Cheong,Wai cheong,Mak,Soi kei,Soh,Kay cheng,&Ieong,Man kai.(2015).What studying problems are faced by the adolescent grade repeaters in Macao: uncovering underlying mechanisms based on evidences from the PISA 2012 Study.Asia Pacific Education Review,16(3),367-377.
MLA Sit,Pou seong,et al."What studying problems are faced by the adolescent grade repeaters in Macao: uncovering underlying mechanisms based on evidences from the PISA 2012 Study".Asia Pacific Education Review 16.3(2015):367-377.
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